Spanish Explorations

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Spanish Explorations. Unit 2 Chapter 3 Lesson 3 Pages 128-134. Objectives. Describe the aims, obstacles, and accomplishments of Spanish explorers. Trace the routes of Spanish explorers and identify their claims. Spanish explorations.
Transcript
Spanish ExplorationsUnit 2 Chapter 3 Lesson 3Pages 128-134Objectives
  • Describe the aims, obstacles, and accomplishments of Spanish explorers.
  • Trace the routes of Spanish explorers and identify their claims.
  • Spanish explorations
  • Spain had claimed a lot of land in the America’s (this is today South America)
  • Many others came seeking:
  • Riches
  • National glory
  • Converting Native Americans to Christianity
  • King of Spain
  • The King encouraged explorations
  • He offered large sums of money called, GRANTS, to those who led expeditions
  • These explorers became known as CONQUISTADORS
  • Juan Ponce de Leon
  • Had sailed with Columbus on his 2nd voyage
  • Helped conquer Puerto Rico
  • Heard of an island called Bimini and a Fountain of Youth
  • 1513 – landed on Florida and claimed it for Spain
  • Ponce de Leon
  • 1521, returned to Florida to start a settlement
  • Calusa tribe defended their land
  • Ponce de Leon killed
  • Never found the Fountain of Youth
  • He is known for becoming the 1st Spanish explorer to set foot on land that became part of the United States
  • EARLYCONQUISTADORSHernando Cortes
  • 1519, Spain
  • Sent fo find gold in the land of the AZTECS
  • Cortes marched to the capital of Tenochtitlan
  • Those who didn’t like the Aztecs helped Cortes
  • Cortes vs. Aztecs
  • Moteuhzoma – Aztec emperor believed Cortes was the light-skinned god that was believed to return one day to rule them
  • Cortes took him as prisoner
  • They fought strong, but had no guns and horses like the Spanish
  • Many died in battles, but also diseases
  • Mexico City built on the ruins of Tenochtitlan
  • ConquistadorHorseArmor made of steelA gunAztec WarriorArmor made of quilted leatherWood shield w/ feather fringeWooden club Conquistador vs. Aztec WarriorSeven Cities of Gold???
  • Cortes found gold
  • Spanish leaders in Mexico City heard talk of seven cities of gold
  • Priest, Marcos de Niza, sent to look with his slave, Estevanico
  • Estevanico was killed on mission
  • DeNiza returned and said he saw the golden city
  • Francisco Vasquez de Coronado
  • 1540 went to look for city of gold
  • Explored lands in what is now SW U.S.
  • He was first explorer to come up into Oklahoma
  • No city of gold found
  • NEW SPAIN
  • Lands claimed by Spain became known as New Spain
  • These included:
  • Mexico
  • Southwestern United States
  • Florida
  • What was the aim of Coronado’s expedition?
  • To find the golden cities.
  • Background
  • Marcos de Niza never entered the Zuni pueblo where Estevanico was killed.
  • Instead, he saw the pueblo from a distance at sunset.
  • The sun’s rays reflecting on the stone and adobe walls created a golden color which is why de Niza thought the pueblo was one of the legendary golden cities.
  • Francisco Pizarro
  • 1531, led an expedition into the western coast of South America
  • Met people from the Inca empire, led by Atahuallpa
  • Priest told Atahuallpa they MUST accept Christianity and Spanish rule – he said NO
  • Taken prisoner and died
  • Pizarro conquered the Inca empire
  • Hernado de Soto
  • Explored Southeaster U.S.
  • 1539, Sailed from Cuba to Tampa Bay
  • First European to see the Mississippi River
  • De Soto battles
  • Met many Native American
  • Conflicts were bloody
  • 1542 De Soto died of a fever
  • They claimed all land they explored.
  • Spain now claimed much of southern U.S.
  • De Soto’s routeCatholic Church Rules
  • People in Europe begin to question the Catholic Church
  • They had forced people to follow rules and pay taxes
  • Had its own courts – punished those who went against the church
  • Religious Reforms
  • Martin Luther – German priest
  • Began calling for open reforms, changes, in the Catholic Church.
  • Reformation – period of reforms
  • Luther forced out of church
  • Those who protested the Catholic leaders became known as Protestants.
  • Lutheran church and Protestants formed new churches.
  • Counter-Reformation
  • Catholic church made changes
  • The church banned books going against their teachings
  • Focus on spreading the church to New Spain
  • Missionaries (religious teachers) sent to convert Native Americans
  • Missionaries
  • Missionaries held ceremonies to make the Native Americans Catholic
  • Later they taught them the teachings of the church
  • Many forced to become Catholic and enslaved
  • Some tried to keep their beliefs, but others were forced to change how they lived and worship
  • Which empire to Cortes conquer in Mexico?
  • Aztec
  • Explored and claimed for Spain land that is now the state of Florida?
  • Juan Ponce de Leon
  • Explored and claimed for Spain much of what is now the southwestern United States?
  • Francisco Vasquez de Coronado
  • Explored and claimed for Spain much of the southern half of what is now the United States?
  • Hernando de Soto
  • What explorer took control of the Inca Empire in Peru?
  • Francisco Pizarro
  • The End
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