Justice Nanavati Commission Report-Volume 1-Delhi 1984 Anti Sikh Riots

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Justice Nanavati Commission Report-Volume 1-into the incidents of 1984 Anti Sikh Riots in Delhi
   JUSTICE NANAVATICOMMISSION OF INQUIRY (1984 ANTI-SIKH RIOTS)   REPORT   VOLUME – I    I N D E X   S.No. CONTENTS PAGE NOs. 1. PART-I INTRODUCTION 1 – 92. PART-II PROCEEDINGS 10 – 153. PART-III EVIDENCE A. GENERAL 16 – 18B. NEW DELHI DISTRICT 18 – 27C. CENTRAL DISTRICT 27 – 43D. NORTH DISTRICT 43 – 58E. SOUTH DISTRICT 58 – 77F. EAST DISTRICT 77 – 100G. WEST DISTRICT 100 – 123H. OTHER EVIDENCE 123 - 1384. PART-IV ASSESSMENT OF EVIDENCE ANDRECOMMENDATIONS FOR ACTION A. GENERAL 139B. NEW DELHI DISTRICT 139 – 144C. CENTRAL DISTRICT 144 – 151D. NORTH DISTRICT 151 – 157E. SOUTH DISTRICT 157 – 164F. EAST DISTRICT 164 – 167G. WEST DISTRICT 168 – 169H. HIGHER UPS 169 – 178I. OVERALL CONSIDERATION 179 - 184- - -    PART - IINTRODUCTION The assassination of Prime Minister Smt. Indira Gandhi on 31-10-1984, by hertwo Sikh security guards, led to violent attacks on Sikhs and their properties in Delhi andother parts of the country. The incidents of violence in Delhi started from the evening of 31-10-84. During the following two days fierce violence was let loose on the Sikhs andtheir properties. Hundreds of Sikhs were killed. Several others were injured. Theirproperties were looted and burnt on a very large scale. Though the incidents of violencecontinued till 5-11-84 the situation started improving from 3-11-84. As a result of theseriots, hundreds of Sikhs had to leave their homes and take refuge in relief camps or inother safer places. Many Sikh families lost their male members and thus suffered greatemotional and heavy financial loss. Bokaro Tehsil, Chas Tehsil and Kanpur were alsobadly affected. The Home Minister made a statement on the floor of the Rajya Sabha thatthe number of Sikhs killed in Delhi during November 1984 riots was 2146; 586 personswere said to have been killed in other parts of the country during that period. Theseanti-Sikh riots not only hurt the feelings of Sikhs but also shocked the conscience of allright-minded persons throughout the country. Considering the manner in which theviolent attacks were made, it was felt that probably the attacks on Sikhs were organizedby the Congressmen or their supporters or by some other organizations or associations. Itwas also felt that the Delhi Police was not only negligent in protecting the Sikhs and theirproperties but probably connived at or instigated such attacks. Considering the feelingsof the Sikh community and criticism of the bodies concerned with protection of humanrights and civil liberties, the Government of India appointed a Commission headed byMr. Justice Ranganath Mishra, the then Hon’ble Chief Justice of India, under Section 3 of the Commissions of Inquiry Act, 1952 “ to inquire into the allegations in regard to theincidents of organized violence which took place in Delhi and also the disturbanceswhich took place in the Bokaro Tehsil, Chas Tehsil and at Kanpur and to recommendmeasures which may be adopted for prevention of recurrence of such incidents.”   2Justice Ranganath Mishra Commission of Inquiry (hereafter referred to as JusticeMishra Commission) held an inquiry and found that the incidents which took place on31-10-84 were by way of involuntary reaction of a deep sense of grief, anguish andhatred for the assassins. That spontaneous reaction of the people soon transformed itself into riotous activity with participation and monitoring thereof by anti-socials due topassivity of the Delhi police. The Commission also found that the police was eitherindifferent or negligent in performance of its duties while those incidents were takingplace and at times it also connived at or participated in them. There was failure on thepart of higher police officers to make a proper assessment of what was brewing in thecity. The Commission ruled out participation by the Congress(I) Party or its leaderstherein; but, came to the conclusion that some persons belonging to the Congress Party ontheir own did indulge or participate in the riots for considerations entirely their own. Italso found that there was delay on the part of Delhi Administration i.e. the Lt.Governorand the Commissioner of Police in calling the Army, though about 5,000 Army men wereavailable by mid night of October 31. Regarding the incidents, which happened atKanpur and other places, the Commission found that the police at those places did notperform their role properly and their negligence and connivance was responsible for theloss of life and properties there. The Commission did not try to find out how many Sikhswere killed in Delhi and other places, which police officers and other persons wereresponsible for the loss of life and properties and against whom actions should be taken,as that would have necessitated a very detailed inquiry which it was not in a position tohold for the reasons stated in its report. It, therefore, recommended an inquiry by a highauthority to inquire into the conduct of the police and to find out against which policeofficers action deserved to be taken. It also recommended appointment of a high officerto determine the number of Sikhs killed during those riots. It also made certainrecommendations as regards payment of compensation to the victims, their rehabilitation,re-organization of the police, forming of combines of local residents and educatingpeople. The Commission submitted its report to the Government of India in August1986.
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