Ict cluster in catalonia

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1. in Barcelona and Catalonia ICT Information and Communications Technologies 2. 22@Barcelona www.22barcelona.com 22@Barcelona is one of the strategic projects of the…
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  • 1. in Barcelona and Catalonia ICT Information and Communications Technologies
  • 2. 22@Barcelona www.22barcelona.com 22@Barcelona is one of the strategic projects of the city of Barcelona. In the downtown neighbourhood of Poblenou, a space has been designed so companies and institutions from the Media, Medical Technologies, ICT and energy sectors can interact with knowledge centres like universities or R+D centres. Barcelona Chamber of Commerce www.cambrabcn.es Barcelona Chamber of Commerce represents companies of the city of Barcelona. Through its personalised company services and its actions it helps promote economic and business activity in the country and for each of its companies. Generalitat de Catalunya Catalan Agency for Investments www.catalonia.com With headquarters in Barcelona, an office in Madrid and branches in New York and Tokyo, the Catalonia Investment Agency provides advisory services and assistance adapted to the needs of companies interested in setting up or expanding their facilities and investments in Catalonia. Barcelona City Council Economic Promotion www.bcn.cat/barcelonabusiness Economic Promotion is a department of the City Council that is dedicated to promoting Barcelona as an attractive place for businesses and helping and giving support to companies, professionals and institutions that want to set up or do businesses in the city.
  • 3. Barcelona and Catalonia 06 10 reasons to invest 08 The ICT sector in Barcelona and Catalonia 10 10 reasons to invest in ICT in Barcelona and Catalonia 12 01.Barcelona, a digital city 12 02.Leader in the south of Europe in ICT penetration 13 03.Concentration of ICT companies 14 04.Availability of infrastructure and innovation networks 16 05.Centres of ICT knowledge generation 18 06.Culture of innovation and entrepreneurship 20 07.Support of public institutions in the promotion of ICT 22 08.Important ICT projects 24 09.Potential for the future - sectorial activities 26 10.The culture of working in networks and adaptation to change 28 Glossary 30 04 05Presentation04 The Information and Communications Technologies sector in Barcelona and Catalonia IndexPresentation Catalonia, and its capital Barcelona, has always been a welcoming place for those visiting it. Throughout its history, many different peoples have passed through this land and almost all of them have settled here. This has made Catalonia a welcoming place, which is tolerant, dynamic and open to anything that is new. Catalonia and Barcelona have now become one of the main economic hubs of Europe. A driver of the Spanish economy, 21st century Catalonia is an innovative country with a highly-qualified labour force, an enviable geographical position (at the heart of Europe and connected to the rest of the world thanks to its Mediterranean ports and its international airports) and top-notch infrastructure and facilities that draw important investments year after year. It is a pleasure to present this economics dossier that shows the characteristics of one of Catalonia’s and Barcelona’s main business sectors both in terms of weight in the overall economy, its importance in comparison with other European regions, and in terms of the importance given to it by companies, universities and centres of research working in this area: the Information and Communications Technologies sector (ICT). Thanks to the collaboration of the principal three institutions in the economy of the city of Barcelona and of Catalonia, this dossier shows what Catalonia can offer companies in its role as a cutting-edge business country in this economic sector. We remain at your disposal to help you and advise you with your investment.
  • 4. 09The Information and Communications Technologies sector in Barcelona and Catalonia08 10 reasons to invest 10 reasons to invest Barcelona offers a variety of things that make it really attractive to live, work and to do businesses. The city is currently well- positioned for new economy activities. Some good reasons to invest here make this clear. 01Strategic geographical location By road, just 2 hours from France. The gateway to the South of Europe, it boasts a port, airport, Free Trade Zone, logistics park, international trade fair and a city centre radius of only 5 kilometres. 02 Extensive transport infrastructure Network of highways connected with Europe; the fastest-growing European airport; Spain’s top port and the biggest port in the Mediterranean in terms of container transport; dense network in terms of the underground, railway and buses; arrival of the High-Speed Train in 2007 and connections with the European network in 2009. 03 Centre of a large economic, dynamic and diverse area The area of Barcelona is made up of 4.7 million inhabitants. It is the capital of Catalonia -7 million inhabitants- and the centre of the Mediterranean Rim, a large economic area with 18 million inhabitants. It represents 70% of the GDP of Catalonia, it had a GDP growth rate of 3.1% in 2004 -above the European average-, it is the sixth biggest urban agglomeration in Europe and it is fifth in terms of its concentration of industrial activity. 04 Successful foreign investment Fourth-best city in Europe for business*, it represents some 20% of the annual foreign investment in Spain. There are 2,700 foreign companies set up here and 97% are satisfied with their investments. Barcelona has also consolidated its position as a centre for the European divisions of multinationals. 05 Acknowledged international positioning Barcelona fares well in different international rankings, which show its highly favourable urban position, its capacity to attract foreign capital, its entrepreneurial character and the quality of life it offers. 06 Human resources prepared for the future Highly educated; highly productive, one of the most qualified in Europe according to the OECD; 5 public universities, 2 private universities, prestigious business schools: IESE, ESADE, EADA; 27 international schools; extensive penetration of new technologies; good character for innovation and creativity. 07 Excellent quality of life Top city in Europe in terms of quality of life*. Mild climate, sunny, beaches, close to top quality ski resorts; splendid cultural and leisure offer; network of 4,500 education institutions; modern and accessible health system. Easy to get around on public transport. A system of nature parks surrounds the city. 08 Large urban projects for the future Transformation of 1,000 Has. and 7 million m2 of build surface area. Llobregat area: a bet on the logistics sector and internationalisation, with enlargements to the port and the airport; Besòs area: urban renewal, sustainability and research centres; La Sagrera-Sant Andreu: arrival of the high-speed train; 22@Barcelona: the new technology and innovation district. 09 A competitive real estate offer Extensive stock of offices, commercial premises and industrial plants with an excellent price-quality relation. The construction of housing is also in an expansive phase. 10 Unique public-private co-operation Barcelona City Council and the Catalan government are very much in favour of companies; success in traditional public-private collaboration has been a key in the transformation of Barcelona. * According to the European Cities Monitor 2006 Research from Cushman & Wakefield
  • 5. More than 1,700 companies and 155 research stakeholders make this one of the top regions in terms of innovation in Europe in this sector. From the social, business, institutional and university point of view, Barcelona is positioning itself as southern Europe’s benchmark with respect to the Information and Communications Technologies sector. The distribution of ICT subsectors is similar to the situation in the rest of Spain, with the main weight falling on services for telecommunications, computer sciences and the manufacture of electronic and telecommunications equipment. We should draw attention to the weight of Barcelona in the electronics consumption sector; in Spain it represents 63% of the total production and it is the main European manufacturer. In the computer business, companies in Catalonia represent 29% of the total in Spain, and in terms of telecommunications, licenses issued in Catalonia represent a fourth of those issued in the whole of Spain. Barcelona and its metropolitan area go to make up a compact area in the ICT sector, with special significance in activities related to the industry of digital content (cinema, video and graphic design) and software (development, consulting firms and other integration services), which between 1997 and 2002 managed to achieve a rate of growth above 80%. The importance of these two sectors in the overall ICT sector is also related to Barcelona’s progressive specialisation in the service industry. On the other hand, the city represents a very significant part of the employment in high technology sectors in Catalonia. It is worth noting that in 2002 Catalonia stood in the fifth position for the third consecutive year in the ranking of European regions with the highest percentages of population in high technology sectors, beating regions like Rhône-Alps, Dublin, Madrid or Berlin, and standing at a level similar to that of the Lombard region or West Midlands. 10 11The ICT sector in Barcelona and Catalonia The Information and Communications Technologies sector in Barcelona and Catalonia The Information and Communications Technologies sector (ICT) is one of the key sectors for Barcelona and Catalonia. The convergence and interconnection of computer science, telecommunications and audio-visuals are at the heart of the new applications of ICT. Not only does ICT represent a “production” sector, but it also brings transversal application technologies to the rest of traditional, strategic and emerging sectors in Catalonia. The ICT sector in Barcelona and Catalonia We can give you 10 reasons that make Barcelona the ICT metropolis of the Mediterranean. 01 Barcelona, a digital city 02 Leader in ICT penetration 03 Concentration of ICT companies 04 Availability of innovation infrastructure and services 05 Centres of knowledge generation 06 Innovation and enterprise Culture 07 Support of public institutions in the promotion of ICT 08 Important ICT projects 09 Future potential 10 Culture of working in networks and adaptation to change
  • 6. 10 reasons to invest in ICT in Barcelona and Catalonia The Catalan rate of ICT penetration is one of Spain’s highest in terms of companies, internet users, and home ICT equipment, and the development of electronic administration. In 2005, companies with 10 or more employees in Catalonia showed the following results regarding the use of new technologies*: The most common type of internet connection is ADSL (80.2% of connected companies). With far less market penetration comes XDSI (15.9%) and conventional telephone line (12.3%). Cable and point-to- point connections have very little presence. Most noteworthy because of its effect on economic growth is high penetration rates of mobile telephones, which at the beginning of 2006 saw Spain with more than 100% (representing near on 44 million customers), over taking countries like Germany or France and above the European average**. Regarding ICT equipment in Catalan homes, the following figures correspond to the spring of 2005***: 12 1310 reasons to invest in ICT in Barcelona and Catalonia The Information and Communications Technologies sector in Barcelona and Catalonia Barcelona, a digital city Barcelona is amongst those cities that have the highest levels of acceptance of the information society. The rapid introduction of new technologies by a large part of Catalan society over the last few years has meant that it now finds itself above the Spanish average in terms of the use of ICT technology at home and in terms of usage of technologies by companies. It is becoming a digital city which is more than ever concentrated with activities that are highly intense in knowledge, technology and research. Regarding the advance and development of the ICT sector, this mainly depends on those companies that go to make up the sector, but also on the relationship between them and the public administration, intermediary stakeholders, universities and research centres (systems of local R&D). Barcelona and its metropolitan area has highly qualified human resources trained at universities and professional training centres. There is a structure of SMEs and micro-companies in the ICT sector (supply) where these technologies are developed or of SMEs from other sectors (demand) where they are mainly applied. The economic sector based on creativity, innovation and knowledge, brings together activities in research, development, new technologies, media and audiovisuals, design, culture, biotechnology, the publishing world, etc. These activities have more and more significance in Barcelona’s economy, they offer better paid jobs, and the most important thing, they represent the required condition for manufacturing companies of high technology to set up. The amount of employment in the metropolitan area of Barcelona in these activities went from 15.1% in 1991 to 20% in 2001. At the same time we can see a concentration of employment in the metropolitan environment: 75% of the sector’s total in Catalonia. 01 Leader in the south of Europe in ICT penetration02 Penetration of ICT in Catalan companies 100% 80% 60% 40% 20% 0% 94.2% Access to internet Electronic commerce Computerised functions 90.6% 15.3% 91.5% * According to a Survey on ICT Penetration in companies of more than 10 workers in Catalonia corresponding to December 2005 by the Observatory of the Society for Information and the Catalan Statistics Institute. *** According to Indicators of ICT equipment at home by FOBSIC/Idescat ** According to data from the International Union of Telecommunications corresponding to 2005. e-mail Penetration of ICT in Catalan homes 100% 80% 60% 40% 20% 0% 56.5% Computer Mobile telephone DVD TV TV-antena satellite dish 40.9% 82.6% 64.5% 99.6% 21.9% Internet connection
  • 7. 15The Information and Communications Technologies sector in Barcelona and Catalonia14 10 reasons to invest in ICT in Barcelona and Catalonia Catalonia has 1,723 companies in the ICT sector, of which 86.12% correspond to companies in the ICT services area. The business structure of the sector is very diversified and small companies (88.55%) predominate, which are considered the most innovative and best-equipped in Spain*. Among them are Tech Foundries, Scytl, Thera, Fractus, Kubi Wireless, Aspherio, Genaker, Futurlink, Sit Consulting, South Wing, Kromshcroeder, Elausa Electrònica i automatismes, GJM, Salicru, Sistemes Electrònics Progrés. Likewise, Abertis Telecom, Telefónica, Gedas Iberia, ABB Sistemas Industriales, CSC Computer Science España, Logic Control, Grupo Informáica del Corte Inglés, Accenture-Coritel, Azertia, Athlas Technology, Transiciel, which are examples of large national companies. T-Systems, Getronics, EDS, Hewlett-Packard, GFT Iberia Solutions, Capgemini, Microsoft, Cisco Systems or Fujitsu are examples of multinational companies that have set up in Barcelona and its metropolitan area. Territorially, technology companies are concentrated in technology parks or enterprise zones like the innovation district 22@Barcelona, the Vallès Technology Park and the Mataró Technocampus or on industrial estates in towns like Sant Cugat del Vallès or Cerdanyola del Vallès. Regarding the R&D+i that they develop, this is very varied and depends on the technological orientation and market of each company in all cases. Concentration of ICT companies03 The most widespread use of internet by companies is for searching for information (90.4%) and electronic banking (79.3%) and half of connected companies use it to look for new suppliers. If we consider the use of e-administration, Barcelona is one of the cities that has most moved forward in its implementation and at the moment it is working on services for mobiles. The city’s website is one of the most used compared to other cities in the world and this year forecasts show that for the first time the volume of procedures carried out via www.bcn.cat will over take those carried out in person. A fact that puts the city on a par with the best in the world. Barcelona, together with 20 other cities, passed the European Charter of Citizen Rights in the Information and Knowledge Society, a pioneering move that demonstrates the will of the city to be a leader in the use of ICT. Abertis Telecom: leader in telecommunications infrastructures and services, it boasts the first network of sites for the broadcast and distribution of radio and TV signals, it offers mobile radio communications services for public networks for the security and emergencies services. EDS España: it has set up its centre of Excellence Agility Alliance, a pioneering centre in Europe for the development of innovative services for the finance sector in Sant Cugat. Hewlett-Packard: its plant in Sant Cugat handles everything from marketing, engineering, to monitoring and the distance management of systems. Its R&D area has become the company’s most important outside the US. Fujitsu: a company integrating solutions; everything from consulting, integration, implementation and outsourcing of infrastructures and computer applications, to a full range of products like servers, bank systems, mobility, storage and peripherals. Getronics: this is the leading supplier in the world of ICT solutions and services, independent of all manufacturers. IBM: the R&D developed in its Barcelona offices focuses mainly on software and solutions for innovation and transformation in the finance sector and boasts a competence centre specialised in health issues. Indra: it has established different centres of excellence like those dealing with security systems, communications systems and navigation by satellite or consulting from its headquarters in the 22@Barcelona district. Microsoft: it has set up in Catalonia its IFR Software Factory Microsoft Dynamics in its central offices in the innovation district. Sony: the central offices of the production centres and the design of new Sony España products are in Barcelona. Telefónica: it will set up its headquarters and Telefonica R&D division in the same place as its other group R&D activities in 22@Barcelona, with a close relationship between its different business lines. T-Systems: part of the Deutsche Telecom group, this was one of the pioneering companies to set up headquarters for the Iberian peninsula in 22@Barcelona, it has created an important cluster of ICT companies called “Clusters for Innovation”, with 32 members from the business, university and institutional world. Yahoo! Research: it has selected Barcelona and 22@Barcelona as its European centre for the development of R&D activities into Internet search engines and other technological areas. As examples of some of the most innovative and representative companies in Barcelona, we can draw attention to: * According to the Manifesto of ICTs in Catalonia (September 2004).
  • 8. 17The Information and Communications Technologies sector in Barcelona and Catalonia16 10 reasons to invest in ICT in Barcelona and Catalonia Knowledge is the motor of innovation, and Mediterranean cities -with their compact historical centres where information exchanges proliferate- are particularly suited and attractive environments for the generation of knowledge and innovation. Both Barcelona and its metropolitan region can be qualified a priori as adequate infrastructures to channel co- operation between productive and educational systems. By innovation infrastructures and services we understand: • Service centres for companies: among them local development agencies (like Barcelona Activa), incubators and cen
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