What is a Complete Street?

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What is a Complete Street?. A Complete Street is safe, comfortable and convenient for travel via automobile, foot, bicycle, and transit. Why do we need to Complete the Streets?. Americans want to walk and bike more. 52% of Americans want to bike more than they do now. America Bikes Poll.
What is a Complete Street?A Complete Street is safe, comfortable and convenient for travel via automobile, foot, bicycle, and transit.Why do we need to Complete the Streets?Americans want to walk and bike more52% of Americans want to bike more than they do now.America Bikes PollAmericans want to walk and bike more55% of Americans would prefer to drive less and walk moreSTPP PollAbout one-third of Americans do not drive:
  • 21% of Americans over 65.
  • All children under 16.
  • Many low income Americans cannot afford automobiles.
  • Streets are inadequate:No sidewalksStreets are inadequate:Too narrow to share with bikesStreets are inadequate:Too dangerous to cross on footStreets are inadequate:Uninviting for bus ridersStreets are inadequate:Inaccessible for wheelchair usersStreets are inadequateNo room for bikes or pedestriansStreets are inadequateNo room for peopleStreets are inadequate
  • 25% of walking trips take place on roads without sidewalks or shoulders
  • Bike lanes are available for only about 5% of bike trips
  • Natl. Survey of Ped & Bicyclist Attitudes & Behaviors, 2003 BTS Top pedestrian complaints are incomplete streets2002 Natl. Transportation Availability & Use SurveyTop bicyclist complaints are incomplete streets2002 Natl. Transportation Availability & Use SurveyIncomplete streets are unsafe.FMIS, NHTS, FARS federal databasesIncomplete streetsThis bridge provides the only access across the Fox River to Cary, Illinois. In 2000, 17-year-old Nate Oglesby died trying to cross it on his bicycle; two teens had died previously. US 14, Cary IllinoisComplete streetsNate’s family won a wrongful death lawsuit and the community pressed the Illinois DOT to retrofit the bridge, at far greater cost than doing it right the first time.US 14, Cary IllinoisWhat is a Complete Streets policy?A complete streets policy ensures that the entire right of way is routinely designed and operated to enable safe access for all users.Complete streets are in line with federal guidance2000 FHWA Guidance: “Bicycling and walking facilities will be incorporated into all transportation projects unless exceptional circumstances exist.”http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/bikeped/design.htmSome Existing policiesThe best complete streets policies:
  • Apply to all phases of all projects
  • Direct use of the latest and best design standards
  • Allow flexibility in balancing user needs
  • Specify any exceptions & require high-level approval of them
  • Completing the Streets: State ActionOregon state law:
  • “footpaths and bicycle trails… shall be provided wherever a highway, road or street is being constructed, reconstructed, or relocated.”
  • minimum of 1% of state transportation funds go to bicycling and walking.
  • Massachusetts Project Development & Design Guide“A guiding principle of the Guidebook is that the roadway system of the Commonwealth should safely accommodate all users of the public right-of-way, including:
  • pedestrians,
  • people requiring mobility aids…
  • Bicyclists,
  • drivers and passengers of transit vehicles,
  • trucks,
  • automobiles and motorcycles.”
  • Completing the Streets: Local Action“The safety and convenience of all users of the transportation system including pedestrians, bicyclists, transit users, freight, and motor vehicle drivers shall be accommodated and BALANCED in all transportation and development projects and through all phases of a project SO THAT…Completing the Streets: Local ActionSO THAT even the most vulnerable- children, elderly, and persons with disabilities- can travel safely within the public right-of-way” -City of Chicago Complete Streets PolicyCompleting the Streets: Local ActionBoulder, Colorado is building all arterials as multi-modal corridors for auto, pedestrian, bicycle, and transit.Charlotte NC Street Design StandardsUrban Street Design Standards:
  • A six-step process for considering and balancing the needs of all users.
  • Bridgeport Way, University Place, WashingtonImplementation: From Policy to PracticeAn effective policy should prompt the following changes:
  • restructured procedures
  • re-written design manuals
  • re-trained planners and engineers
  • re-tooled measures to track outcomes
  • The many types of Complete StreetsThe many types of Complete StreetsThe many types of Complete StreetsThe many types of Complete StreetsThe many types of Complete StreetsThe many types of Complete StreetsThe many types of Complete StreetsIsn’t it expensive?“By fully considering the needs of all non-motorized travelers (pedestrians, bicyclists, and persons with disabilities) early in the life of a project, the costs associated with including facilities for these travelers are minimized.” Jeff Morales, former Director, CalTransBenefits: for safetyDesigning intersections for pedestrian travel can reduce pedestrian risk by 28%[insert photo of median island]King/Ewing 2003Europe has more bike-ped travelPucher, AJPH Sept 2003…And far fewer deathsPucher, AJPH Sept 2003Bike Commute Mode Split0 - 2%2 - 3%3 - 5%5 - 8%8 - 10%10+%Portland Oregon 1990Bike lanes encourage bike commutingBlack lines show 1990 bikeway network...…Colors show 1990 mode splits (by census tract)City of Portland Dept. of TransportationBike Commute Mode Split0 - 2%2 - 3%3 - 5%5 - 8%8 - 10%10+%Portland Oregon 2000Bike lanes encourage bike commutingBlack lines show 2000 bikeway network...…Colors show 2000 mode splits (by census tract)City of Portland Dept. of TransportationBenefits: for older Americans
  • 50% of Americans will be over 55 in 2030
  • More than half of older Americans walk regularly.
  • Photo: Michael Ronkin, ODOTBenefits: for older Americans21% of Americans over 65 do not driveMore than 50% of non-drivers stay at home on a given day because they lack transportation options.Photo: Michael Ronkin, ODOTBenefits: for encouraging healthy activityWalking and bicycling help prevent obesity, diabetes, high blood pressure, and colon cancer. Residents are 65% more likely to walk in a neighborhood with sidewalks.Benefits: for people with disabilities20% of Americans have a disability that limits their daily activities.Complete Streets have curb cuts and other features for disabled travelers.Complete Streets reduce isolation and dependence. Benefits: for reducing trafficOf all trips taken in metro areas:50% are three miles or less 28% are one mile or less 65% of trips under one mile are now taken by automobile2001 NHTSNational Complete Streets Coalition Steering Committee
  • AARP
  • America Bikes
  • America Walks
  • American Council of the Blind
  • American Planning Association
  • American Public Transportation Association
  • American Society of Landscape Architects
  • APBP
  • City of Boulder
  • Institute of Transportation Engineers
  • League of American Bicyclists
  • McCann Consulting
  • NCBW
  • National Parks Conservation Association
  • Natural Resources Defense Council
  • Paralyzed Veterans of America
  • Smart Growth America
  • Surface Transportation Policy Project
  • Thunderhead Alliance
  • For More Information: www.completestreets.org
  • Links to success stories & existing policies
  • How-to Tools
  • Resources: power-point, brochures
  • Newsletter sign up
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