UNICEF Annual Report 2009

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As the only UN development and humanitarian agency wholly dedicated to children, UNICEF assisted more than 150 countries and territories in 2009, the year of the 20th anniversary of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. The Annual Report 2009 emphasizes UNICEF’s unwavering commitment to children in its achievement of results and the global challenges the organization faced.
  ANNUAL REPORT 2009  Front cover, main photo:© UNICEF/NYHQ2006-1470/PirozziFront cover, small photos, top left to bottom right:© UNICEF/NYHQ2005-1323/Tkhostova© UNICEF/NYHQ2009-1489/Holt© UNICEF/NYHQ2008-0800/Isaac© UNICEF/NYHQ2009-1841/Markisz Note on source information: Data in this report are drawn from the most recentavailable statistics from UNICEF and other UN agencies, annual reports preparedby UNICEF country offices and the June 2010 UNICEF Executive Director’s AnnualReport to the Executive Board. Note on resources: All amounts unless otherwise specified are in US dollars. UNICEF’s mission is to: Advocate for the protection of children’s rights, help meet theirbasic needs and expand their opportunities to reach their fullpotential;Mobilize political will and material resources to help countriesensure a ‘first call for children’ and build their capacity to do so;Respond in emergencies to relieve the suffering of children andthose who provide their care;Promote the equal rights of women and girls, and support their fullparticipation in the development of their communities;Work towards the human development goals, and the peace andsocial progress enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations.   UNICEF ANNUAL REPORT 2009 Covering 1 January 2009 through 31 December 2009 CONTENTS Leading the UN mission for children 2 Celebrating 20 years of advancements in children’s rights 6 Making the best investment in human development: Children 11 Coming together and making the case 19 Unwavering in our commitment to children in crisis 25 Promoting gender equality as a child right 30 Transforming business systems for accountability and results 35  2   UNICEF ANNUAL REPORT 2009 n 2009, celebrations around the world markedthe 20th anniversary of the Convention on theRights of the Child (CRC). Ratified by more na-tions than any other human rights treaty in histo-ry, this landmark international agreement sets forthcommitments to children that have transformed ageneration of policies and programmes. Markedadvances in child survival, development, protectionand participation have been the result.Since its adoption by the General Assemblyof the United Nations, the CRC has guidedUNICEF’s mission for children. The Conventionon the Elimination of All Forms of Discriminationagainst Women (CEDAW) is the other essentialreference point. As the only UN development andhumanitarian agency wholly dedicated to children– assisting more than 150 countries and territories– UNICEF works closely with national and interna-tional stakeholders to mobilize broad support forthe realization of all children’s rights, as embodiedin these two treaties. The achievement of the Mil-lennium Development Goals (MDGs) is central tothis process.The MDGs encapsulate the basic building blocksof human development. They aim to ensure thatyoung children survive and develop through ade-quate health care and nutrition; that quality edu-cation is available to all; that prevention and carelimit the spread of HIV and AIDS; that people canaccess clean water and basic sanitation; and thatpartnerships are forged to advance developmentand benefit the lives of children.As the international community approached the10-year review of progress towards the MDGs,advances could be seen through 2009 in reducingchild mortality, increasing the number of childrenin school and expanding supplies of clean water.Progress has been slower for extending sanitationservices to rural areas and reducing the number of women who die in childbirth. Investments in healthcontinue to be fragmented and ineffective in partsof the world. And there are still gaping disparitiesin progress across and within countries.UNICEF’s human rights approach shines consistentlight on disparities, and it is reflected in campaignsto provide immunizations for all children, endpockets of child malnutrition and ensure that qual-ity education starts from preschool. Collecting andanalysing information on the situation of children isa part of these efforts, and UNICEF has become oneof the largest sources of data for measuring MDGprogress and shortfalls. The global downturn is a callfor action The importance of UNICEF’s mission for childrenwas underscored in 2009, as the insidious effectsof food insecurity and the economic downturn LEADING THEUN MISSIONFOR CHILDREN I
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