THE EFFECT OF RELIGIOSITY AND SPIRITUALITY ON WORK PRACTICES AND TRUST LEVELS IN MANAGERS AND THEIR SUBORDINATES IN FOOD AND NUTRITION CARE DEPARTMENTS

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THE EFFECT OF RELIGIOSITY AND SPIRITUALITY ON WORK PRACTICES AND TRUST LEVELS IN MANAGERS AND THEIR SUBORDINATES IN FOOD AND NUTRITION CARE DEPARTMENTS by Jennifer S. Oler A thesis submitted to the faculty of Brigham Young University In partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of Masters of Science Department of Nutrition, Dietetics, and Food Science Brigham Young University August 2004 BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY GRADUATE COMMITTEE APPROVAL of a thesis submitted by Jennifer S.
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  THE EFFECT OF RELIGIOSITY AND SPIRITUALITY ON WORK PRACTICESAND TRUST LEVELS IN MANAGERS AND THEIR SUBORDINATES IN FOODAND NUTRITION CARE DEPARTMENTS byJennifer S. Oler A thesis submitted to the faculty of Brigham Young UniversityIn partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of Masters of ScienceDepartment of Nutrition, Dietetics, and Food ScienceBrigham Young UniversityAugust 2004  BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITYGRADUATE COMMITTEE APPROVALof a thesis submitted byJennifer S. Oler This thesis has been read by each member of the following graduate committee and bymajority vote has been found to be satisfactory. ___________________________ _________________________________ Date Nora K. Nyland, Chair  ___________________________ _________________________________ Date Lora Beth Brown ___________________________ _________________________________ Date Lori Lee Wadsworth  BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITYAs chair of the candidate’s graduate committee, I have read the dissertation of Jennifer S.Oler in its final form and have found that (1) its format, citations, and bibliographicalstyle are consistent and acceptable and fulfill university and department stylerequirements; (2) its illustrative materials including figures, tables, and charts are in place; and (3) the final manuscript is satisfactory to the graduate committee and is readyfor submission to the university library. ___________________________ _________________________________ Date Nora K. NylandChair, Graduate CommitteeAccepted for the Department _________________________________ Merrill J. ChristensenGraduate Coordinator Accepted for the College _________________________________ R. Kent CrookstonDean, College of Biology and Agriculture  ABSTRACTTHE EFFECT OF RELIGIOSITY AND SPIRITUALITY ON WORK PRACTICESAND TRUST LEVELS IN MANAGERS AND THEIR SUBORDINATES IN FOODAND NUTRITION CARE DEPARTMENTSJennifer S. Oler Department of Nutrition, Dietetics, and Food ScienceMasters of Nutritional ScienceThe purpose of this study was to examine the extent to which religiosity andspirituality affected daily work practices and leader/follower trust levels in foodserviceand nutrition directors and their subordinates. A similar 72-item survey questionnairewas developed for both the directors and employees, which was completed by 129directors and 530 employees. Both questionnaires contained questions on demographics,religious influences on work practices, trust characteristics, and three validated measuresof religiosity: 1) worship service attendance (1=Religiosity Score), 2) influence of spiritual beliefs on daily life, and 3) frequency of prayer (2 + 3=Spirituality Score).Frequency data was gathered for all questions. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) andPearson’s Correlation were used to assess the relationship of directors’ and employees’Religiosity and Spirituality Scores compared to their daily work practices and trust levels.Two-sample t-tests evaluated differences in directors’ and employees’ perceived trustlevels toward each other.
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