Strangers

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Alleviating Grievances in Describing the Condition of the Strangers ALLEVIATING GRIEVANCES in describing the condition of the - STRANGERS Written by: Al-Haafidh Ibn Rajab Al-Hanbalee Translated by: isma’eel alarcon Cover Design by: Abu Ishaaq Saleem Alleviating Grievances in Describing the Condition of the Strangers TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. Introduction to the Book…………………………………………. 2. Text of the Book…………………………………………………. 3. The Strangeness of the Sunnah and Its Adherents……………….. 4. The Strang
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   Alleviating Grievances in Describing the Condition of the Strangers  ALLEVIATING GRIEVANCES in describing the condition of the - STRANGERS - Written by:Al-Haafidh Ibn Rajab Al-Hanbalee Translated by:isma’eel alarconCover Design by:Abu Ishaaq Saleem   Alleviating Grievances in Describing the Condition of the Strangers  TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. Introduction to the Book…………………………………………. 52. Text of the Book…………………………………………………. 63. The Strangeness of the Sunnah and Its Adherents……………….. 124. The Strangeness of the Believer during the Last Days…..……. 145. Clinging onto the Sunnah during Times of Affliction…………. 166. The Hadeeth of Imaam ‘Alee concerning Knowledge…………… 177. Categories of the Bearers of Knowledge………………………… 198. Characteristics of the People of Knowledge……………………... 219. Types of Believers according to their Strangeness…………… 2410. Types of Strangeness…………………………………………… 25   Alleviating Grievances in Describing the Condition of the Strangers  TEXT OF THE BOOK  All praise is for Allaah with much praises and blessings, as our Lord loves and is pleased with and as isrequired for attaining the honor of His most Sublime Face. 1 And may the peace and blessings of Allaah be upon our teacher Muhammad, sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam  , his family and his companions.Imaam Muslim reported in his Saheeh from the hadeeth of Abu Hurairah, radyAllaahu ‘anhu  , that theProphet, sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam  , said: “ Islaam began as something strange and it will return tobeing strange as it began. So Toobaa 2   is for the strangers. ” 3  Imaam Ahmad and Ibn Maajah have also reported this hadeeth on the authority of Ibn Mas’ood, radyAllaahu ‘anhu  , with the addition at the end of it: “ It was said: ‘O Messenger of Allaah, and who arethe strangers?’ He, sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam  , said: ‘The  Nuzaa’  (those who extract themselves)from their families and close relatives.’” 4  Abu Bakr Al-Aajuree also transmitted it and in his report there occurs: It was said: ‘Who are they, OMessenger of Allaah?’ He, sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam  , said: ‘Those who rectify (themselves/others)when the people have become corrupt.’” 5   Others have transmitted it with the following words, in which he, sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam  , said: Theyare those who flee from trials (  fitan ) for the sake of their Religion.  At-Tirmidhee reported it from the hadeeth of Katheer Ibn 'Abdillaah Al-Maznee on the authority of his 1 What is meant here is the attainment of Paradise in which the people who are granted it will be able to see theFace of Allaah, as has been stated in various texts of the Qur'aan and the Sunnah.   2 It is said that Toobaa means something good. Allaah mentions this word in Surat-ur-Ra’ad of His FinalRevelation: “Those who believe and do righteous deeds, Toobaa is for them and a pleasant destination.”  According to Ibn Katheer’s Tafseer  (Abridged 1/281), Ibraaheem An-Nakha’ee ( rahimahullaah  ), the greatTaabi’ee, said it means “good is for them.” Qataadah said: “When a man says Toobaa for you it means youhave attained something good. ‘Ikrimah and Mujaahid said that Toobaa means Paradise. And it is also saidthat Toobaa refers to a tree in Paradise which the Prophet, sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam  , spoke of when he said: “Verily, there is a tree in Paradise under the shadow of which a rider can travel for a hundred yearswithout being able to cover (it’s distance) completely.” [ Saheeh Muslim ] This is what seems to be indicatedin the above hadeeth, due to another hadeeth reported on the Prophet, in which he said: “ Toobaa is a tree inParadise. Its (shade’s) distance (in traveling) is one hundred years. And the garments of theinhabitants of Paradise will be extracted from its branches.” Imaam Al-Albaanee graded it hasan in his Silsilat-ul-Ahaadeeth As-Saheehah (no. 1985).   3   Saheeh Muslim (1/130): See Sharh Saheeh Muslim of Imaam An-Nawawee (2/175-176)   4   Sunan Ibn Maajah (no. 3988), Sunan At-Tirmidhee (5/18) and he said it was authentic, Musnad Ahmad  (5/296). It has also been recorded by Al-Khattaabee in his Ghareeb-ul-Hadeeth (1/175). Shaikh Al-Albaaneedeclared it weak ( da'eef  ) in his collection  Al-Ahaadeeth As-Saheehah (no. 1273)   5 This hadeeth is also reported by Ahmad and At-Tabaraanee and it is  saheeh as has been stated by ShaikhSaleem Al-Hilaalee in his book  Toobaa Lil-Ghurabaa (no. 1). However the hadeeth with a different wordingfrom the hadeeth of 'Abd-ur-Rahmaan Ibn Sanah is weak. See Toobaa Lil-Ghurabaa (no. 10)     Alleviating Grievances in Describing the Condition of the Strangers father who reported from his grandfather that the Prophet, sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam  , said: Verily, thisReligion began as something strange. And it will go back to being something strange. So Toobaa isfor the strangers – those who rectify what the people have corrupted after me of my Sunnah. 6  It has also been transmitted by At-Tabaraanee from the hadeeth of Jaabir, radyAllaahu ‘anhumaa  , on theProphet, sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam  . And in the hadeeth there occurs: It was said: 'And who are they, O Messenger of Allaah?' He said: 'They are those who rectifyand make corrections when the people have become corrupted. 7  He (At-Tabaraanee) also reported it from the hadeeth of Sahl Ibn Sa'ad, radyAllaahu ‘anhu  , with a similar wording. 8  Imaam Ahmad also transmitted it from the hadeeth of Sa’ad Ibn Abee Waqqaas, radyAllaahu ‘anhumaa  , onthe authority of the Prophet, sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam  . And it is stated in the hadeeth: “So Toobaa onthat day will be for the strangers – when the people have become corrupt.” 9  In another narration transmitted by Imaam Ahmad and At-Tabaraanee from the hadeeth of 'AbdullaahIbn 'Amr, radyAllaahu ‘anhumaa  , the Prophet, sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam  , said: “ Toobaa is for thestrangers.” It was said: “And who are the strangers? He, sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam  , said: “Arighteous people surrounded by people abounding in much evil. Those who disobey them are 6 This hadeeth was reported by At-Tirmidhee in his Sunan (5/18) and he said it was  saheeh . It was alsoreported by Ibn 'Adiyy in  Al-Kaamil  (6/2080), At-Tabaraanee in  Al-Kabeer  (17/16), Abu Nu'aim in  Al-Hilyah (2/10) and Al-Khateeb Al-Baghdaadee in  Al-Jaami'  (1/112) as well as others. In his checking to the book   Al-'Itisaam of Imaam Ash-Shaatibee (1/22), Shaikh Saleem Al-Hilaalee said concerning At-Tirmidhee'sauthentication of this hadeeth: This is from the hadeeth that he, may Allaah have mercy on him, hasoverlooked. For indeed, Katheer (Ibn 'Abdillaah) is very weak. Rather, Ash-Shaafi'ee accused him of being aliar! And he described him with that (lying) as being one of his main supports, as occurs in Manaaqib-ush-Shaafi'ee of Al-Bayhaqee (1/547-548). This is a criticism (  jarh ) that reaches the highest level of severity.Thus his hadeeth are to be disregarded completely. Therefore, the hadeeth is da'eef jiddan (very weak) as isstated in Toobaa Lil-Ghurabaa (no. 13) and  Da’eef Al-Jaami’-us-Sagheer  (no. 1441)   7 This hadeeth has been reported by At-Tahaawee in Mushkil-ul-Aathaar  (1/298), Al-Laalikaa'ee in SharhUsool 'Itiqaad Ahl-is-Sunnah (2/112), and Al-Bayhaqee in  Az-Zuhd-ul-Kabeer  (200). Al-Haythameeattributed it to At-Tabaraanee in his book  Majma'-uz-Zawaa'id  (7/278), saying: In its chain is 'Abdullaah IbnSaalih, the scribe of Laith, and he is weak. However, he has been declared reliable.   8 At-Tabaraanee reported this hadeeth in his  Kabeer  (6/164) and his Sagheer  (1/104). Al-Haythamee said in Majma’-uz-Zawaa'id  (7/278): Its narrators are all of the standards of the Saheeh (collections), except Bakr Ibn Saleem, for he is reliable. Saleem Al-Hilaalee said in his checking of   Al-'Itisaam (1/18): Bakr Ibn Saleemis weak. However, he is used as a support during cases when hadeeth need to be backed up and supported. Al-Haafidh (Ibn Hajr) said in  At-Taqreeb : 'He is acceptable' meaning when a hadeeth needs to be supported. Andif this is not the case, then he is layyin .   9 This hadeeth is recorded by Imaam Ahmad, Al-Bazaar and Abu Ya’laa. Al-Haythamee said in Majma’-uz- Zawaa’id  (7/277): Its narrators are the narrators of the standard of the Saheeh (collections). Saleem Al-Hilaalee declared it  saheeh in his Toobaa Lil-Ghurabaa (no. 11)  
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