Spelling Rules

2 pages
25 views

Please download to get full document.

View again

of 2
All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.
Share
Description
Spelling Tips 3 – Spelling Rules There are some rules that we can hang on to in the complexities of spelling. The only difficulty is that they all seem to have important exceptions. So, for example, the well-known ‘i before e except after c’ should really go on to say ‘when the sound is ee’. The rule works perfectly well on words like achieve and receive, the first having ie and the second having ei, but breaks down on words which, at some stage, have been borrowed into English and don’t conform
Tags
Transcript
  Spelling Tips 3 – Spelling Rules There are some rules that we can hang on to in the complexities of spelling. The only difficulty isthat they all seem to have important exceptions. So, for example, the well-known ‘ i before e  except after c’  should really go on to say ‘when the sound is ee’  . The rule works perfectly well onwords like achieve and receive , the first having ie and the second having ei , but breaks down onwords which, at some stage, have been borrowed into English and don’t conform to Englishsound/spelling patterns.So, for example, beige comes from French and still has something like a French pronunciationwith ei pronounced ‘ay’. But protein is tricky because it comes from Greek and has ended upwith an ei spelling and an ‘ee’ sound in English. It becomes an exception to the rule. In earliertimes seize was written sayse and had a pronunciation much closer to the French saisir fromwhich it came. Despite its current pronunciation it remains an exception because it is a Frenchborrowing.Similarly there is a simple rule that words of two or more syllables, where the final syllable isunstressed, do NOT double the consonant when they add - ed or - ing . So billet becomes billeted  and billeting , and, strictly speaking, focus becomes focused and focusing . The exception to therule is the set of words ending in l , such as travel , which becomes travelled and travelling .The other side of this rule is that a word of two or more syllables, where the final syllable isstressed, DOES double the consonant, so that admit becomes admitted and admitting . But thenthe exception is the set of words which have a vowel represented by two letters, such as repeat ,which do NOT double the final consonant. Repeat becomes repeated and repeating .Try these memory tips: believe  Remember that believe has ie (to spell the ‘ee’ sound) following the l . This follows therule that i comes before e except after c . brief  Remember that brief  is spelt with ie (to spell the ‘ee’ sound). This follows the rule that i  comes before e except after c . Think of similar words such as thief  and chief  . budget    Remember that the t remains single when you add -ed or -ing , following the rule thatthe consonant remains single if the final syllable is not stressed. ceiling  Remember that ceiling is spelt with ei (to spell the ‘ee’ sound). This follows the rulethat i comes before e except after c . plum m et  Notice that you do not double the t when you add -ed or -ing , following the rule thatthe consonant remains single if the final syllable is not stressed. poltergeist    This word breaks the rule that i comes before e except after c because it comesfrom German -- from poltern (meaning ‘to make a disturbance’) and geist (meaning ‘ghost’). protein    Remember that protein is spelt with ei for the ‘ee’ sound in the last syllable. This doesnot fit in with the rule that i comes before e , except after c . That is because protein has comefrom the Greek word proteios , meaning ‘primary’. science  The ie after the c does not appear to follow the normal rule of  i before e except after c .This is because the i and the e are part of two separate syllables in this word, rather than goingtogether to make an ‘ee’ sound. Science comes from scientia , the Latin word for ‘knowledge’.  seize  Remember that seize is spelt with ei , breaking the rule that i comes before e , except after c . w eird  Remember that weird is spelt with ei , breaking the rule that i comes before e , exceptafter c . This is because the vowel sound is ‘ear’, not ‘ee’, and so the rule does not apply.Susan ButlerThe EditorMacquarie Dictionary
Related Search
We Need Your Support
Thank you for visiting our website and your interest in our free products and services. We are nonprofit website to share and download documents. To the running of this website, we need your help to support us.

Thanks to everyone for your continued support.

No, Thanks