Spanish Conquest

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Spanish Conquest. Spain wanted to expand their empire by controlling the Americas Wanted riches of the land and to spread Christianity Expeditions were led by conquistadors – soldiers and adventurers in search of glory, gold and land Conquistadors wore suits of armor and steel helmets.
Transcript
Spanish Conquest
  • Spain wanted to expand their empire by controlling the Americas
  • Wanted riches of the land and to spread Christianity
  • Expeditions were led by conquistadors – soldiers and adventurers in search of glory, gold and land
  • Conquistadors wore suits of armor and steel helmets.
  • They would often use American Indians as guides
  • Cortes 1519 Spain
  • Conquistador that explored Mexico in 1519
  • Conquered the Aztecs Empire (Tenochtitlan) in 1521
  • Most of the riches of the Aztec village were sent to Spain
  • Cortes built Mexico City where Tenochtitlan once stood
  • Pineda – 1519 Spain
  • Searched for a northern waterway to the Pacific Ocean
  • Followed the coastline from Florida to Texas in the Gulf of Mexico
  • First European to map the Texas coast
  • Cabeza de Vaca – 1527 – 1536 Spain
  • Built small boats and eventually landed near Matagorda Bay, Texas
  • Took over the expedition after Narvaez drowned when his poorly anchored boat washed out to sea.
  • Lived with the Karankawas where himself and the crew were held captive
  • Worked as a servant, trader and healer
  • Kept a journal about his life with the Karankawas
  • Estevanico
  • 1st African to explore the Texas coast.
  • Traveled with Cabeza De Vaca and served as a trader, translator and guide
  • Was killed by the Zuni Indians while serving as a guide for Niza in searching for the lost cities of gold.
  • Coronado – 1540 Spain
  • Went in search of Cibola – Niza was his guide
  • Reached Cibola and conquered the Zuni Indians, but they did not find any gold
  • Sent Niza back to Mexico City
  • Heard tales of Quivira, another city full of gold
  • Traveled throughout Texas but never found gold
  • De Soto – 1539 Spain
  • Also searched for Cibola
  • Landed in Florida in 1539
  • Explored the southern United States
  • Died of a fever in 1542
  • Moscos Alvarado took command of the expedition
  • Moscoso – 1542 Spain
  • Led the expedition toward Mexico City
  • Never found any gold
  • Reported back to Spain about the geographically varied land
  • Spain was only interested in gold and silver
  • Spanish expeditions slowed at this point since they never found any riches
  • Onate – 1598 Spain
  • After the Coronado & de Soto expeditions Spain lost interest in the “New Spain” since it didn’t produce and treasures or riches
  • During the 1550’s and 1590’s a new goal was to spread Christianity and look for riches one last time
  • In 1598 Onate took 500 colonists north to settle
  • He claimed the Rio Grande region for Spain
  • The settlement was not successful
  • Spain lost interest in Texas for the next 80 years
  • La Salle – 1682 France
  • In 1682 La Salle sought to expand the French Empire
  • Claimed the land that drained by the Mississippi for France and named it Louisiana after King Louis XIV.
  • Returned to France in 1684 and requested to set up a colony in the region
  • Became lost and landed in Martagorda Bay, Texas in 1685
  • La Salle
  • Set up Fort St. Louis with 300 soldiers and settlers
  • Hunger and disease killed many settlers
  • They were attacked by the Karankawas
  • By July 1685, over half of the settlers were dead
  • La Salle decided to look for help. He left with 17 soldiers. While on his journey he was killed.
  • In 1688-1689 the settlement was attacked by the Karankawas, they killed all the adults and took the 5 children captive. (They were later rescued by other expeditions)
  • La Salle was blamed for the failure of this expedition
  • Spanish Reaction
  • Spain realized that France had gained control of their territory
  • They knew they had to start settling the area to keep their power in North America
  • This began a time of Spanish Missions….
  • Effects of Spanish Exploration
  • Spanish changed the lives of the Native people by spreading diseases such as measles and smallpox
  • American Indians died from this disease because they had never been exposed before
  • Brought new plants and animals such as bananas, cattle, and horses
  • Took back to Spain American plants and animals, such as corn, peanuts and turkey
  • Horses changed the lives of the plains Indians, who learned to become better hunters and fighters
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