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HISTORY & CULTURE HIS 1110-101, 102 Kenneth Chauvin, lecturer Homework Assignment #1 [50 pts] Due: Friday, September 3, 2010 Traditional society during the Middle Ages was highly focused on the importance of one’s family, community, occupation & social class. One symbol of this focus was the use of HERALDRY: the ‘noble art & science’ of coats of arms, personal monograms, banners & other symbols that denoted status in society. While medieval Europe is most commonly associated with heraldry, oth
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  HISTORY & CULTURE Homework Assignment #1 [50 pts]HIS 1110-101, 102Kenneth Chauvin, lecturerDue: Friday, September 3, 2010 Traditional society during the Middle Ages was highly focused on the importance of one’s family,community, occupation & social class. One symbol of this focus was the use of HERALDRY:the ‘noble art & science’ of coats of arms, personal monograms, banners & other symbols thatdenoted status in society. While medieval Europe is most commonly associated with heraldry,other cultures used their own versions as well: the Islamic world, India, Asia (esp. China, Korea& Japan), and African states & tribes.While heraldry tended to focus on the needs & interests of the social elites, namely the warrior nobility, other people & institutions used heraldic symbols as well: churches, cities & towns,guilds & societies, businessmen & women, travelers & pilgrims. The imagery of heraldry, itssigns & symbols, mascot animals & mythic beasts, vibrant colors & designs, were found almosteverywhere.Over time, heraldry has faded in significance, but retains some influence on the publicimagination through national symbols, military unit insignias, team mascots, businesstrademarks & hallmarks, toys & superheroes, and the trappings of academic institutions.Romantics and those doing family histories still enjoy musing over the symbols of past glories. General Instructions : Using the Internet and/or Belk Library’s resident collection of books and magazines, answer thefollowing questions regarding the ‘noble art & science’ of heraldry. While it is assumed you willfocus on Western culture, forays into non-Western sources regarding heraldry will earn extrapoints.YOU MUST UTILIZE A MINIMUM OF THREE SEPARATE & INDEPENDENT SOURCES OFINFORMATION WHILE ANSERING THESE QUESTIONS. (Hint: visiting three separate entriesin Wikipedia does not count as three sources!)YOU MUST KEEP CAREFUL TRACK OF THE SOURCES (WEBSITES, BOOKS,MAGAZINES, ETC.) YOU USE TO ANSWER THE QUESTIONS. Look for the informationnecessary to construct a viable citation, either footnote or bibliography.Who is the author or editor of the website, book, article, etc.? (Name)What authority is sponsoring the website or publishing the book, article, etc.?What city/country is this sponsor/publisher based? (ex. Boston, MA or London, UK)When was this website posted/updated? When was this book/article published?What page numbers were used when answering the questions?YOU WILL BE ASKED TO DESIGN A COAT OF ARMS FOR YOUR FAMILY BASED ON THETRADITIONAL RULES OF HERALDRY AND A PERSONAL COAT OF ARMS FORYOURSELF. Have some fun! This is NOT an art class so artistic ability is NOT part of thegrade. However, making an effort to do your best can be discerned. Feel free to ask for helpwith your execution. Some computer design programs could be useful to you.  HISTORY & CULTURE Name __________________________ HIS 1110Section 101 (10am) 102 (12 noon)Kenneth Chauvin, lecturer 1 [10]. When & why did heraldry develop in the West? What purpose did it serve? (Construct an organized, coherent answer in paragraph form.)Citations:1  2 [15]. Answer the following questions specifically. Remember to footnote your sources. a. According to the traditional rules of heraldry, what were the only metals & colorsthat are allowed in a coat-of-arms? One of the major components when composing a heraldic design is to follow the rules of tinctures. Tincture is a substance that colors metals (http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&defl=en&q=define:tincture&sa=X&ei=dxp9TPOQI4TGlQeqloHsCw&ved=0CBIQkAE).The two metals that may be used are called Or and Argent, which is another word for gold andsilver, but can also be represented by yellow and white. However, you may not place metals onmetals. The main colors are Azure (blue), Gules (red), Purpure (purple), Sable (black), and Vert(green). The same rule that applies to metals also applies to colors(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rule_of_tincture). Throughout history some of these rules havebeen broken, for example, the arms used by Godfey of Bouillon. His arms consisted of onelarge cross and four smaller ones in the color of yellow or argent on a white (Or) shield.Therefore, since two metals were placed together this shield was classified as armes fausses,which translates to false arms (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rule_of_tincture).Citations:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heraldryhttp://www.mumma.org/archives/wappen/wappen.htmlhttp://www.heraldry.ws/info/article05.htmlhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rule_of_tincture b. If a coat-of-arms is designed ‘sinister,’ what does it signify about the person? Sinister is described as someone or something being evil. However, in the 15 th century it wasalso associated with meaning or being related to the left side(http://www.dpjs.co.uk/moon.html#Sinister). In the middle ages many associated the left withevil. When people in the middle ages wrote with their left hand people believed that they werepossessed by the devil or some other satanic force. Therefore, a person with a coat-of-armsdesigned sinister could imply that there is evil about this particular person.However, there is another option as well. The right side of a person is also assumed tobe stronger, and in the middle ages the right side was associated with masculinity. Therefore,the left side being less dominate, represented femininity. This may imply that the person wasfemale, or possibly weak with little to no power or control.http://www.dpjs.co.uk/moon.html#Sinister Citations:  The complete guide to heraldry….j.p. brook-Little…pg 54 c. What heraldic animal(s), icons, or symbols were used to signify that the coat-of-arms belonged to a woman? Why were these animals/icons/symbols used? http://www.familynamesonline.com/coahistory.htmlCitations:http://genealogy.about.com/cs/heraldry/a/heraldry.htmhttp://www.heraldryclipart.com/symbolism/f.html d.What design element(s) was generally used to signify a coat-of-arms belonged toa city corporation (aka ‘commune’) rather than an individual? Citations:3 [15]. Using the traditional rules of heraldry, in theory what might your FAMILY’s coat-of-arms look like? Explain why you think so. (Draw the coat-of-arms below. Color!)My mother’s (Lenora Deveaux) side of the family srcinated from France. One of my oldestknown relatives is Francois Devaux who was born in 1670. The spelling of our last namechanged between 1805 and 1873 from Francois great grandson who changed it to Deveaux,however, his brother Pierre kept the srcinal spelling. The families lived in Aubusson Francewhich according to my Uncle Denis Deveaux (who is well educated with our geneology and hashad the pleasure of traveling to France to aquire more information about our family) that saidAubusson is known worldwide for its tapestries. Our family the Devaux’s/ Deveauxs, being fromand living in Aubusson, were weavers and tapestry makers.Therefore, our family crest looks something similar to this one drawn below.
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