Concluding Observations Sweden

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FN:s barnrättskommitté har granskat hur Sverige följer barnkonventionen. Dessa granskningar sker vart femte år för de stater som skrivit på konventionen. För Sveriges del var detta den fjärde gången. Kommitténs uppgift är att granska staterna och lämna beröm, kritik och förslag till förbättringar.
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   CRC/C/SWE/CO/412 June 2009Original: English ADVANCE UNEDITED VERSION COMMITTEE ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILDFifty-first session CONSIDERATION OF REPORTS SUBMITTED BY STATES PARTIES UNDERARTICLE 44 OF THE CONVENTION Concluding observations: Sweden 1. The Committee considered the fourth periodic report of Sweden(CRC/C/SWE/4) at its 1403 rd to 1404 th meetings (see CRC/C/SR.1403 and 1404),held on 27 May 2009, and adopted at its 1425 th meeting, held on 12 June 2009, thefollowing concluding observations. A. Introduction 2. The Committee welcomes the submission of the State party’s fourth periodicreport, which follows the guidelines for reporting, and includes information onfollow-up given to the Committee’s previous recommendations (CRC/C/15/Add.248).The Committee also welcomes the State party’s written replies(CRC/C/SWE/Q/4/Add.1) to its List of issues, which allowed for a betterunderstanding of the situation of children in Sweden.3. The Committee notes with appreciation the frank and open dialogue with thehigh-level delegation of the State party, which included experts from variousministries.4. The Committee reminds the State party that these concluding observationsshould be read in conjunction with its concluding observations adopted on 8 June2007 on the State party’s initial report to the Optional Protocol on the involvement of children in armed conflict (CRC/C/SWE/OPAC/CO/1). B. Follow-up measures and progress achieved by the State party 5. The Committee welcomes a number of positive developments in the reportingperiod, including:(a) The Anti-Discrimination Act which entered into force on 1 January2009, includes age as a ground of discrimination and prohibits   discrimination in all parts of the education system, as well as theestablishment of the Office of the Equality Ombudsman responsible forits implementation;(b) The new provisions included in the Social Services Act (2001:453) andthe Care of Young Persons (Special Provisions) Act (1990:52) in April2008 to further strengthen protection of children;(c) The Act on investigations regarding children who have died as aconsequence of crime (2007:606) which entered into force on 1January 2008;(d) The introduction, in 2007, by the National Council for CrimePrevention (BRÅ) of new offence codes for sexual offences underChapter 6 of the Swedish Penal Code;(e) Legislative amendments introduced on 1 July 2006, which resulted in atransfer of responsibility for reception and housing of unaccompaniedminors from the Swedish Migration Board to the municipalities; and(f) The adoption and implementation of a second national human rightsaction plan for the period 2006-2009, which includes specificprogrammes on the promotion and protection of the rights of the childand the appointment, in March 2006, of the Delegation for HumanRights in Sweden, which is intended to support work on ensuring fullrespect for human rights in Sweden.6. The Committee also notes with appreciation that, since consideration of itsthird report in 2005, the State party has ratified or acceded to, inter alia :  (a) the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child onthe sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography, in 2007;(b) the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and itsOptional Protocol, in 2008; and(c) the Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and OtherCruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, in 2005. C. Main areas of concern and recommendations1. General measures of implementation(arts. 4, 42 and 44, para. 6, of the Convention)The Committee’s previous recommendations 7. The Committee notes with appreciation that a number of concerns andrecommendations (see CRC/C/15/Add.248) expressed after the consideration of theState party’s third periodic report (CRC/C/125/Add.1) have been addressed throughlegislative, administrative and other measures. However, the Committee regrets thatother concerns and recommendations, including those relating to issues such asindependent monitoring, data collection, training and dissemination of the   Convention, children deprived of their family environment, health and health services,education and sexual exploitation and trafficking, have not been adequately addressedor implemented. 8. The Committee urges the State party to make every effort to address theprevious recommendations that have been only partly implemented or notimplemented at all, and the list of recommendations contained in the presentconcluding observations.Legislation  9. The Committee takes note of the State party’s explanation in the report and thewritten replies to its list of issues as to why the Convention has not been formallyincorporated into the domestic legal system. However, the Committee is concerned atthe continuous lack of formal recognition of the Convention as Swedish law whichcan have an impact on the rights contained therein and on the application of suchrights. 10. The Committee invites the State party to take all necessary measures toensure that national legislation is brought into full conformity with theConvention and recommends that the State party continue and strengthen itsefforts towards formal recognition of the Convention as Swedish law. It furtherrecommends that the Convention should always prevail whenever domestic lawprovisions are in conflict with the law enshrined in the Convention.Coordination 11. The Committee welcomes the existence of a monitoring division,Coordination on the Policy for the Rights of the Child, within the Government, theestablishment in June 2005 of a Child Rights Forum as a platform for structureddialogue between the Government and NGOs working with and for children as well asthe application of systematic comparisons. Nonetheless, the Committee is concernedthat the coordination and coherence of efforts on behalf of children at both central andlocal levels are inadequate. Furthermore, while noting that municipalities and regionalcouncils enjoy a high level of autonomy, the Committee is concerned that largedisparities remain between municipalities, counties and regions concerning theimplementation of the Convention, including with regard to levels of child poverty,resources available to the social services for children at risk, and academic resultsbetween different schools and regions. 12. The Committee recommends that the State party continue and strengthenits efforts to improve the coherence and coordination of efforts on behalf of children so as to ensure adequate cooperation among central and localauthorities as well as cooperation with children, parents and non-governmentalorganizations. The Committee also recommends that the State party strengthenits measures to monitor and follow up on decisions taken at the municipal andregional level to address the remaining disparities and to ensure implementationof the Convention at all levels, including through the county administrativeboards.    National Plan of Action 13. While welcoming the adoption of the second National Plan of Action forHuman Rights (2006-2009), which includes a number of measures concerningchildren’s rights, the Committee notes with regret the absence of a specific nationalplan of action on children. 14. The Committee recommends that the State party adopt a comprehensivenational plan of action on children and ensure that it covers all areas of theConvention and takes due account of the outcome document of the 2002 SpecialSession of the General Assembly of the United Nations “A World Fit forChildren” and the “A World Fit for Children Plus 5 Declaration” .Independent monitoring 15. The Committee notes with appreciation the many activities undertaken by theChildren’s Ombudsman for the implementation of children’s rights. However, theCommittee is concerned that children cannot address their individual complaints tothe Ombudsman and it is also concerned that the Ombudsman’s role needs to beclearly independent from the Government, in accordance with the Paris Principles. . 16. The Committee recommends that:(a)   The State party consider providing the Children’s Ombudsman withthe mandate to investigate individual complaints;(b)   The annual report of the Children’s Ombudsman be presented to theRiksdag (Parliament), together with suggestions for measures that theGovernment can take to implement the recommendations of theChildren’s Ombudsman;(c)   The State party continue to take the necessary measures to ensure thatthe Children’s Ombudsman has adequate human and financialresources to exercise his or her mandate effectively and independently;and(d)   The State party provides the Children’s Ombudsman with thenecessary support to set up local offices with the aim of ensuringaccessibility of all children to the Ombudsman, especially taking intoaccount disparities in resources between counties and regions.Allocation of resources 17. While welcoming the information available on the allocation of resourcesdedicated to the implementation of the Convention, the Committee expresses itsconcern about disparities with regard to access and availability of services forchildren, depending on where they live, both with respect to the content and to theexecution of such services. 18. The Committee recommends that the State party continue and strengthenthe provision of specific information in terms of figures and percentage of thenational budget regarding the implementation of the Convention in order toallow proper assessment of the degree to which the State party is meeting its
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