Carmee gaul on regenation of barcelona's city centre

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1. The experience of Ciutat Vella October, 5, 2015 The regenerated historic centre 2. Surface km2 Population Inhabitants Density inh/km2 Spain 506.030,00 47.265.321 93,4…
  • 1. The experience of Ciutat Vella October, 5, 2015 The regenerated historic centre
  • 2. Surface km2 Population Inhabitants Density inh/km2 Spain 506.030,00 47.265.321 93,4 Catalonia 32.106,50 7.570.908 235,8 Metropolitan Area 633,00 3.239.337 5.117 Barcelona 101,00 1.620.943 16.049 Ciutat Vella 4,49 104.442 23.261 Some demographic data (2012)
  • 3. Administrative organisation of Barcelona 10 Districts
  • 4. The District 01 44
  • 5. The transformation process 02 66
  • 6. Urban problems • Very dense urban landscape • Lack of planning; no improvements • Deficient public facilities • Buildings without habitability standards Social issues •Decrease in population •Marginalisation, unemployment, drugs •Aged, unstable population 1975-1980 Historic centre in decay
  • 7. - 2% of buildings in danger of collapse - 7,000 flats without bathroom - 70% of buildings constructed before 1900 - Inadequate sanitation system - Decreased commercial activity - Just 0.2 m2 green space per inhabitant 1975-1980 Historic centre in decay
  • 8. 1979 Restoration of Democracy in Town Halls in Spain Barcelona Town Hall commits itself to the recovery of the old quarter. Double objective: - Recover Ciutat Vella as centre of Barcelona - Keep residential character and close-knit communities of quarters 1986 Barcelona chosen as host of 1992 Olympic Games
  • 9. 1980-85 Interior Reform Plans (PERIs) Plans developed with agreement and consensus from population (PERI) Objectives: • Provide Ciutat Vella with public areas (green areas) • Add quarter and town facilities. • Build accommodation for relocating those affected. • Renew infrastructure of historic centre (gas, electric, water, etc.) PERIs
  • 10. 1986 Creation of Integrated Area of Rehabilitation Plan IAR
  • 11. Managing Commission of IAR Consultation organ made up of representatives from: • Barcelona Town Hall • Government of Catalonia • Ministry of Development • Neighbourhood associations • Chamber of Commerce
  • 12. Management of the programme Mixed economy companies: 1988-2002: Promoció de Ciutat Vella SA 2001- 2014 Foment de Ciutat Vella SA Municipal part: - Land use management - Planning and projects. Promoting private restoration - Economic and social promotion Public/private part
  • 13. WHERE DO WE BEGIN? •Social and economical situation •Urban tissue situation •Existing infrastructures and facilities
  • 14. THE INSTRUMENTS FOR TRANSFORMATION ?? •Strong city political will to lead the process •A flexible managing structure •Engagement of other public administrations • Consensus: neighbourhood groups, institutions… •An adequate budget •A challenging project: transversal/ multidisciplinary view •Participation of residents
  • 15. AND THEN, WHAT SHALL WE NEED? •Residential buildings well preserved •Neighborhood and city facilities •Better public spaces and mobility •Historic and artistic patrimonial preservation •Attraction and promotion of sustainable commercial and economic activities
  • 16. Priority actions 03 1717
  • 17. Cultural/strategic facilities
  • 18. MACBA Museum of Contemporary Art of Barcelona
  • 19. rcelona Centre of Contemporary Culture (CCCBrcelona Centre of Contemporary Culture (CCCB)
  • 20. La Seca New scenic and visual arts centre Enlargement of Picasso Museum
  • 21. University and library facilities
  • 22. Faculty of Geography and History University of Barcelona • University buildings in the town centre..
  • 23. • A library in every district.. Recovery of historic buildings for public use. Sant Pau-RavalFraternitat-Barceloneta Andreu Nin- Gòtic
  • 24. Principal poles of economic activity
  • 25. Restoration of the 3 municipal markets in the Ciutat Vella Santa Caterina Market Municipal markets
  • 26. Port of Barcelona • 1992: creation of Barcelona Port Authority • 1995: Size Port Vell (Old Port) (55.6 ha) • 1997: Management by company: Port 2000 • Culture, leisure, tourist and business centre
  • 27. - Ciutat Vella concentrates a third part of the cultural surface of the city. - Hotel trade and restoration supposes the 30% its productive space. - Barcelona received, the 2012, more than 7.5 million visitors. and 16 million nights of lodging. 39% in Ciutat Vella. -From 480 hotels in Barcelona, 187 are in Ciutat Vella. - Tourist pressure within the district example: an average of 78 million people per year walk the Rambla. - Convivial problems with the neighbors of the tourist apartments in the district. Tourism and hotels
  • 28. Strategic Tourism Plan BCN 2015 Specific group for Ciutat Vella in order to manage the effects of tourism in: - public spaces - security - mobility
  • 29. Hotels
  • 30. Recuperation of buildings for public use Casa dels Entremesos Cultural Centre Civic Centre Pati Llimona
  • 31. Sports Centre Ciutadella Kindergarten Sports Centre Can Ricart
  • 32. Creation of new public spaces
  • 33. Rambla del Raval
  • 34. Passeig Allada -Vermell
  • 35. Street and infrastructure renovation
  • 36. New infrastructure 2 pneumatic solid waste collection centres 2,420 metres of pneumatic waste collection system in service Plan 2005-2012: 6,715 metres of new pipes Collection centre
  • 37. 270 renovated streets New traffic plans Pedestrian priority Modernisation of service networks: • electricity • water • gas • telephone • cable • street lighting • drains Plaça Castella
  • 38. Construction of public housing * 500 buildings affected (demolished) * 4,500 flats (20% unoccupied) * More than 3,000 new public housing flats * 600 through restoration
  • 39. Public housing buildings in Ciutat VellaPublic housing buildings in Ciutat Vella
  • 40. Private restoration. 1988 – 2010 Public investment in support schemes for restoration work: more than €40 million Total cost of private restoration work: €215 million For every euro of public money spent on restoration, €5.30 has been generated from private investment
  • 41. more than 3,109 buildings more than 42,565 flats and shops affecting around 55% of private housing in Ciutat Vella
  • 42. Restoration of private housing in Ciutat Vella
  • 43. 25 years program “Barcelona posa’t guapa” Public grants program for rehabilitation of buildings
  • 44. Architectonic patrimonial catalogue
  • 45. Protection of archeological sites Collaboration wit Historic Museum
  • 46. Neighborhoods plans -Transversal and integral vision of the territory. -50% of contributions coming from autonomous government. -Citizens participation in projects definition and execution. -Coordination between public administration working in the territory.
  • 47. Plan for Sant Pere and Santa Caterina quarters Lengthening Avinguda Cambó
  • 48. Development of a new public meeting and coming together space
  • 49. Plan for the Barceloneta quarter
  • 50. Plan for South Raval
  • 51.
  • 52. CHALLENGES •To avoid « gentrification » •To avoid « ghettos » •Achieve participation of local communities in decision-making processes. •New approaches to diversity in planning
  • 53. Hàbitat Urbà TOWARDS BARCELONA 5.0
  • 54. From 22@ to Barcelona@From 22@ to Barcelona@ The challenge is toThe challenge is to combine the BIG VISIONcombine the BIG VISION ...
  • 55. Hàbitat Urbà 6262 … with urban acupunctures human scale that promotes social project in which Barcelona is rooted
  • 56.
  • 57. Microurbanizations + Voids Plan (Microurbanizations + Voids Plan (civic engagement)
  • 59. 7171 Deploying an urban development pattern of economic progress, social cohesion and sustainability The superblocks
  • 60. Superblocks are urban areas with over concepts and demographic and territorial objectives are based on sustainable mobility, the revitalization of public spaces, promoting biodiversity and urban green spaces, social cohesion, energy self- sufficiency and involvement. New human speed districts implemented in the next four years in five areas.
  • 61. 7373  Improve the quality of life with low carbon economy. Self-sufficient efficiency, intensive use of public space, urban biodiversity and green, streamlining traffic areas Urban innovation - social innovation - Sustainable Innovation KPIs reproducible very durable
  • 62. 7474 Towards a zero emission mobility Revitalize public space Promote biodiversity and green urban Improve the complexity of social cohesion in urban areas Self-sufficient urban metabolism Integration of governance processesVers une mobilité zéro émission A NEW PARADIGM OF CITIES
  • 63. 7575 More info: Carme Gual:
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