Administrative Power Tricks

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Administrative Power Tricks. This document is for educational / informational purposes only. For computer administrators and advanced users only.
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  bcdalai's Free Tech. Support Blog: [http://bcdalai.blogspot.com]  1  © 2004-2010, bcdalai  Administrative Power Tricks   No great discovery was ever made without a bold guess. -Isaac Newton Experience is the name everyone gives to their mistakes. -Oscar Wilde Persistence and positive thinking to make things happen.   About this Article:   This document is for educational / informational purposes only. For computer administratorsand advanced users only. About the Author: bcdalai, MCP, MCSE, MCTS: Windows Vista . The author is an IT pro working on Desktop,Server and Networking - as system administrator, Tech. Support, software troubleshooter andreviewer. He is available for tech. support in Microsoft forums, community and in other onlineforums with the online name bcdalai  . He can be reached at:  http://bcdalai.blogspot.com  or e-mail:  bcdalai2020@gmail.com .   License: The subject matters are for system administrators and everyday computer users. Thisarticle is completely free to read, distribute (through website, CD/DVD or magazines) or sharewithout any modification and may be reproduced in printable media with a link to this article. The article must be distributed in “Microsoft XPS” or “Adobe PDF” format.   Disclaimer: This document is for educational and informational purposes. THIS DOCUMENT IS PROVIDED “AS IS”, WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. It is assumed that you will use the contents of this document in proper and productive way. All names,websites, trade names and registered trademarks mentioned herein are the property of theirrespective owners. Copyright © 2004-2010 by bcdalai. Thanks: I‟m greatly thankful to all the readers for reading and sending feedbacks to me.    bcdalai's Free Tech. Support Blog: [http://bcdalai.blogspot.com]  2  © 2004-2010, bcdalai  Administrative Power Tricks   [Warning: Use these tricks at your own risk.]   Trick for Windows Vista and Windows 7 [Notes: Remember these tricks are same for both Windows Vista and 7. These may work onWindows Server 2008. These tricks will also work in Windows XP or earlier versions of OS e.g.Windows 2000 and Server 2003 etc.] Disable/Enable: ‘Use the Web service to find the correct program’    When opening a file with unknown extension, normally you will see an additional windowpopping up that give you options of whether to use the web service to find the correct program orselect a program from a list of installed programs. Some times it is quite annoying as you probablyalready know which program should be used to open the file. To bypass this additional window, youcan use a simple registry hack to skip the right program searching option but only pop up “openwith” window instead.   Follow below steps if you would like to bypass the additional window: 1) Go to Start, type regedit at the search text box.2) Navigate toHKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer. If Explorer key is not found, then proceed to step 3, else go to step 5.3) Right click Policies and then choose New -> Key, name the key as Explorer.4) Right click on Explorer key, choose New -> 32-bit DWORD and then name it asNoInternetOpenWith.5) Double click NoInternetOpenWith, enter a value as 1.6) Reboot your computer in order for the registry key changes to be effective.Once you have completed above steps, try to open a file with unknown extension, the additionalwindow should no longer pop up and you sh ould only see the “open with” window that let you choose any program to open the file. If you want to reverse the changes, just change the value backto 0. Trick for Windows XP / Server 2003 [Notes: These tricks will also work in Windows Vista or later versions of OS e.g. Windows 7 andServer 2008 etc.] Restoring “Sh ow Deskto p” icon in Quick Launch:   regsvr32 /i:u shell32    Installing/Re pairing “C ompresse d Folder” com ponent in Windows XP or Server 2003:   regsvr32 zipfldr.dll    Restoring Help Engine for reading Windows help files :regsvr32 hhctrl.ocx Registry editing operations:  Exporting Keys: reg.exe export HKCU\Software\Intel Settings.reg   Importing Keys: reg.exe import Settings.reg    Windows Activation Status:  Issue a command at command prompt: oobe/msoobe /a  Or %SystemRoot%\system32\oobe\msoobe.exe /a    Component Reinstallation / Repair / Resetting Commands:Help and Support Service:   rundll32 setupapi.dll,InstallHinfSection DefaultInstall 132 %WinDir%\inf\pchealth.inf     bcdalai's Free Tech. Support Blog: [http://bcdalai.blogspot.com]  3  © 2004-2010, bcdalai  Reset Help and Support Service (HelpSvc):   net stop helpsvc   (Now kills all helpctr.exe, helpsvc.exe & helphost.exe processes from Task Manager) net start helpsvc   If the Message is: The requested service has already been started. then issue this command sc config helpsvc start= auto    System Restore service:   rundll32 setupapi.dll,InstallHinfSection DefaultInstall 132 %WinDir%\inf\sr.inf    Windows Management Instrumentation i.e. WMI/WBEM server service: rundll32 setupapi.dll,InstallHinfSection WBEM 132 %WinDir%\inf\wbemoc.inf  Note: Also check out this The WMI Diagnosis Utility -- Version 2.0 from Microsoft:http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?familyid=d7ba3cd6-18d1-4d05-b11e- 4c64192ae97d&displaylang=en  Reset (NTFS & Registry) permissions for known files/objects:  a- Analyzing and Preparing log file: secedit.exe /analyze /db %WinDir%\sectest.db /cfg %WinDir%\inf\defltwk.inf /log    %WinDir%\security\logs\secanalyze.log   Completion Messages:Task is completed. Some files in the configuration are not found on this system so security cannotbe set/queried. It's ok to ignore.See log %WinDir%\security\logs\secanalyze.log for detail info.b- Reconfiguring the System Registry Settings: secedit.exe /configure /db %WinDir%\sectest.db /cfg %WinDir%\inf\defltwk.inf /log    %WinDir%\security\logs\secrepair.log   Completion Messages:Task is completed. Some files in the configuration are not found on this system so security cannotbe set/queried. It's ok to ignore.See log %WinDir%\security\logs\secrepair.log for detail info. Note: Ignore both the messages. Internet Explorer:   rundll32 setupapi,InstallHinfSection DefaultInstall 132 %WinDir%\inf\ie.inf   Resets IE to default settings: rundll32 setupapi,InstallHinfSection DefaultInstall 132 %WinDir%\inf\iereset.inf    Automatic Updates Service (WUAUSERV):   rundll32.exe setupapi.dll,InstallHinfSection DefaultInstall 132 %WinDir%\inf\au.inf    Disk Defragmenter:   rundll32 setupapi,InstallHinfSection DefaultInstall 132 %WinDir%\inf\dfrg.inf   Registers the following DLLs: regsvr32 dfrgsnap.dll regsvr32 dfrgui.dll    Warning:  This will invalidate certain third-party defragmenters (such as Diskeeper, O & ODefragmenter), so you may have to reinstall them after this procedure completes. Windows Firewall:   rundll32 setupapi.dll,InstallHinfSection Ndi-Steelhead 132 %WinDir%\inf\netrass.inf   Then issue: netsh firewall reset    Note: This will work, if you receive an error message such as: Due to an unidentified problem,Windows cannot display Windows Firewall setting s.”    bcdalai's Free Tech. Support Blog: [http://bcdalai.blogspot.com]  4  © 2004-2010, bcdalai  Removing Windows Messenger:   RunDll32 advpack.dll,LaunchINFSection %WinDir%\INF\msmsgs.inf,BLC.Remove    Background Intelligent Transfer Service (BITS):   rundll32 setupapi.dll,InstallHinfSection DefaultInstall 132 %WinDir%\inf\qmgr.inf    Note: BITS service is responsible for performing QoS Windows Update downloads. BITSdownload updates using idle network bandwidth. If BITS is not functioning, then updates will beunavailable. Reset your network & Winsock settings:  Issue commands one by one: netsh winsock reset    netsh winsock reset catalog    netsh interface ip reset C:\Interface-resetlog.txt netsh interface reset all    netsh firewall reset    Note: If this does not help, then use “ WinSock Fix  ”:  http://www.softpedia.com/get/Tweak/Network-Tweak/WinSockFix.shtml  Hide the Themes, Screensavers, Appearance and Setting tabs in the Display Control Panelsettings as well as prevents changing the desktop wallpaper and also restricts whole “Cont r ol Panel”?  Method-1 through GPO Options:  1) Go to Start > Run type gpedit.msc  press Enter.2) Expand User Configuration and navigate to Administrative Templates\ControlPanel\Display .3) Then open Hide Appearance and Themes tab option and click the enabled option tohide Appearance tab and Themes tab .4) Then open Hide Screen Saver tab option and click the enabled option to hide ScreenSaver tab .5) Then open Hide Settings tab option and click the enabled option to hide Settings tab 6) Then open Prevent changing wallpaper option and click the enabled option toprevent changing the desktop wallpaper.7) Then open “ Remove Display in Control Panel ” opti on and click the enabled option to hide the “Display” c ontrol panel applet.Meaning of Options: Not Configured means the option is OFF by default. Enabled means the option is ON. Disabled means the option is Off manually. Method-2 through Registry editing:  1) Go to Start > Run type regedit press Enter.2) Navigate to [HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies]  3) To hide Appearance tab and Them es tab” Right, cl ick on policies Create a new keynamed System  , if not exists. Under this create a new DWORD value named NoDispAppearancePage  and set its value as 1.4) To hide Screen Saver tab  , create a new DWORD value named NoDispScrSavPage and set its value to 1.5) To hide Settings tab  , create a new DWORD value named NoDispSettingsPage andset its value to 1.6) To prevent changing wallpaper, create a new key under [HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies] named ActiveDesktop  , if not exists and create a new DWORD value named NoChangingWallPaper  and set its value as 1.
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