Tiger Talk

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     TIGER FACTSINTRODUCTION-A Tiger is a powerful carnivorous animal , a hunter with sharp teeth, strong jaws, and a very agile body.The tiger is the biggest species of the catfamily.Tigers can reach a length of up to 3.3 metres (11 feet) and weigh asmuch as 300 kilograms (660 pounds). Tigers do not live in Africa. They live in Asia. Tigers are anendangered species because their habitat is disappearing. It's closest relative isthe lion.Subspecies of the tiger include the Sumatran Tiger, Siberian Tiger,Bengal Tiger, South China Tiger, Malayan Tiger and Indochinese Tiger. Tigers can live to 20 years of age in zoos but only 15 years in the wild. Tigers are great swimmers. The roar of a tiger can be heard over a mileaway. Most tigers have more than 100 stripes. Their stripes are much like afingerprint, because no two tigers are exactly alike. Their coat is also perfectfor camouflage. Tigers are largely solitary cats and are most active betweendusk and dawn, except for a mother and her cubs, tigers live and hunt alone.A group of tigers is known as an ‘ambush’ or ‘streak’.WHY ARE TIGERS KILLED Tigers have become an endangered species because of the followingreasons:-a)Habitat lossb)Reduction of prey populationsc)Poaching and Direct hunting of tigersHumans do the poaching and hunting of tiger species for the followingreasons:-1)Making of medicines and other tiger derived products from tiger bones and claws especially in China.  2) Skin & fur of tigers are in high demand across the world and sold at avery high price for ornamental purpose.Some people feel the fur is an exotictype of clothing or a fancy rug.3) Many people eat tiger meat to get more strength and power.HOWS MANY TIGERS ARE LEFT IN INDIA ACCORDING TORECENT CENSUS ?Around 1400 tigers are left in India now according to recent censusWHAT ARE THE DIFFERENT METHODS TO SAVE TIGERS ?If the tigers go extinct, the entire ecosystem would collapse.1.END DEMAND FOR TIGER PARTS BY BANNING ITS SALE ANDUSE2.STOP THE KILLING OF TIGERS BY EFFECTIVELY USING ANTIPOACHING MEASURES AND SEVERE PUNISHMENTS FOR THOSE INVOLVED IN TIGER HUNTING .3.PROTECT TIGER HABITAT BY Protecting existing parklands, establishnew protected areas like national parks and tiger reserves for tigers so thatnot only they will have enough space to move freely but also adequate prey as their food and mates for breeding. 4.TIGER SCIENCE involves Continue critical tiger wildlife research and monitoring techniques, which help improve tiger conservation methods,reduce human-tiger conflict, and keep track of which tiger populations need the most help.HOW MANY NATIONAL PARKS ARE THERE IN INDIA ?  India's first national park was established in 1936 as Hailey National Park,now known as Jim Corbett National Park. By 1970, India only had fivenational parks. In 1972, India enacted the Wildlife Protection Act and  Project Tiger  to safeguard the habitats of conservation of tigers and to promote theirbreeding and protection so that their population increases .As of April 2012,there were 102 national parks. All national park lands then encompassed atotal 39,919 km2 (15,413 sq mi) km², comprising 1.21 of India's total % surface area. There are 53 tiger reserves in India which are governed by Project Tiger .Themain ones are-1.Bandipur Tiger Reserve2.Bandhavgarh Tiger Reserve3.Bhadra Tiger Reserve 4.Buxa Tiger Reserve5,Corbett Tiger Reserve6.Kanha Tiger Reserve7.Manas Tiger Reserve ( It has also become a UNESCO site )8.Panna Tiger Reserve9.Ranthambore Tiger Reserve10.Sariska Tiger Reserve11.Sunderbans Tiger Reserve JIM CORBETT NATIONAL PARKCorbett National Park is situated in Ramanagar in the district of Nainital,Uttarakhand which is around 40 km form Kashipur.   Jim Corbett National Park is the oldest national park in India which wasestablished in 1936 as Hailey National Park .Later it was renamed after thehunter-turned-conservationist Jim Corbett who played a key role in itsestablishment—. Situated in Nainital district of Uttarakhand the park acts as aprotected area for the endangered Bengal tiger of India UNDER THEPROJECT TIGER PROGRAMME.It houses around 110 tree species, 50 species of mammals, 580 bird species and 25 reptile species. The endangered Bengal tiger of India resideshere. The sanctuary was the first to come under Project Tiger initiative.The increase in tourist activities, among other problems, continues topresent a serious challenge to the park's ecological balance.
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