The Historical Ratification of the 13th Amendment: The End of Slavery

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A quick presentation going over the historical steps taken to ratify the 13th amendment, such as how it affected the civil war, its point of origin, and several other key historical facts.
  Thirteenth Amendment Section 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any  place subject to their jurisdiction. Section 2. Congress shall have power to enforce this article  by appropriate legislation.  Thirteenth Amendment In the 16 th  and 17 th  Century, the first African slaves were traded by Europeans. They believed that since Africans could tolerate heat very well, and that they were immune to tropical diseases. So they began to utilize this human resource to work in the Americas. Although it was true that they were immune to tropical diseases, they did not realize that they were vulnerable to European diseases, and many died due to influenza and smallpox. In 1619, the first African slaves were brought to the British colonies as indentured servants, by Dutch traders and merchants. It was a lengthy and stressful trip from Africa to America, and millions of the slaves died in the passage. However, the ones that did make it were employed as indentured servants in which they did farm work for colonials. All indentured servants were given a 7 year work contract, and then were set free. However, indentured slaves were expensive and hard to take care of, so an alternative sprung up. Slavery. Anthony Johnson, a black man himself, had an indentured servant as his own. But his servant wished to leave the plantation for another one, so a law suit was claimed. In the end, Anthony won, and declared his servant as a slave. This meant that the slave was his property, and freedom would never be granted. This soon  became a growing custom, and slaver became rampant in the South, as they farmed cotton, indigo, and tobacco.  Thirteenth Amendment   After the Revolutionary War, slavery became a big problem.  Northerners thought Southerners as hypocrites, as they talked about freedom from the British, yet they simultaneously owned slaves. Tension rose over the next 100 years, and then the Civil War broke out. The Southern states seceded from the Union, and began to win a majority of the battles. To turn things around, Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation in 1862. This said that the slaves in the South were now free from their owners. However, the Southerners did not listen, since they were a separate nation. Slavery was a vital component of Southern life. The Emancipation Proclamation  boosted moral and motivation, however it did little to actually “free” the slaves. After 2 more years of terrible fighting, the Civil War ended as the South surrendered to the North.
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