Standard of Ethics in Public Service

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standard of ethics in public service. Public officials and employees shall at all times be accountable to the people and shall discharge their duties with utmost responsibility, integrity, competence, and loyalty, act with patriotism and justice, lead modest lives, and uphold public interest over personal interest. Section 3. Definition of Terms. - As used in this Act, the term: (a) Government includes the National Government, the local governments, and all other instrumentalities, agencies or
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  standard of ethics in public service. Public officials and employees shall at all times beaccountable to the people and shall discharge their duties with utmost responsibility, integrity,competence, and loyalty, act with patriotism and justice, lead modest lives, and uphold publicinterest over personal interest. Section 3.    Definition of Terms. - As used in this Act, the term:(a) Government includes the National Government, the local governments, and all other instrumentalities, agencies or branches of the Republic of the Philippines includinggovernment-owned or controlled corporations, and their subsidiaries.(b) Public Officials includes elective and appointive officials and employees, permanent or temporary, whether in the career or non-career service, including militaryand police personnel, whether or not they receive compensation, regardless of amount.(c) Gift refers to a thing or a right to dispose of gratuitously, or any act or liberality, infavor of another who accepts it, and shall include a simulated sale or an ostensiblyonerous disposition thereof. It shall not include an unsolicited gift of nominal or insignificant value not given in anticipation of, or in exchange for, a favor from a publicofficial or employee.(d) Receiving any gift includes the act of accepting directly or indirectly, a gift from a person other than a member of his family or relative as defined in this Act, even on theoccasion of a family celebration or national festivity like Christmas, if the value of thegift is neither nominal nor insignificant, or the gift is given in anticipation of, or inexchange for, a favor.(e) Loan covers both simple loan and commodatum as well as guarantees, financingarrangements or accommodations intended to ensure its approval.(f) Substantial stockholder means any person who owns, directly or indirectly, shares of stock sufficient to elect a director of a corporation. This term shall also apply to the parties to a voting trust.(g) Family of public officials or employees means their spouses and unmarried childrenunder eighteen (18) years of age.(h) Person includes natural and juridical persons unless the context indicates otherwise.(i) Conflict of interest arises when a public official or employee is a member of a board,an officer, or a substantial stockholder of a private corporation or owner or has asubstantial interest in a business, and the interest of such corporation or business, or hisrights or duties therein, may be opposed to or affected by the faithful performance of official duty.  (j) Divestment is the transfer of title or disposal of interest in property by voluntarily,completely and actually depriving or dispossessing oneself of his right or title to it infavor of a person or persons other than his spouse and relatives as defined in this Act.(k) Relatives refers to any and all persons related to a public official or employeewithin the fourth civil degree of consanguinity or affinity, including bilas, inso and balae. Section 4.    N  orms of Conduct of Public Officials and Employees. - (A) Every public official andemployee shall observe the following as standards of personal conduct in the discharge andexecution of official duties:(a) Commitment to public interest. - Public officials and employees shall alwaysuphold the public interest over and above personal interest. All governmentresources and powers of their respective offices must be employed and usedefficiently, effectively, honestly and economically, particularly to avoid wastagein public funds and revenues.(b) Professionalism. - Public officials and employees shall perform and dischargetheir duties with the highest degree of excellence, professionalism, intelligenceand skill. They shall enter public service with utmost devotion and dedication toduty. They shall endeavor to discourage wrong perceptions of their roles asdispensers or peddlers of undue patronage.(c) Justness and sincerity. - Public officials and employees shall remain true to the people at all times. They must act with justness and sincerity and shall notdiscriminate against anyone, especially the poor and the underprivileged. Theyshall at all times respect the rights of others, and shall refrain from doing actscontrary to law, good morals, good customs, public policy, public order, publicsafety and public interest. They shall not dispense or extend undue favors onaccount of their office to their relatives whether by consanguinity or affinityexcept with respect to appointments of such relatives to positions consideredstrictly confidential or as members of their personal staff whose terms arecoterminous with theirs.(d) Political neutrality. - Public officials and employees shall provide service toeveryone without unfair discrimination and regardless of party affiliation or  preference.(e) Responsiveness to the public. - Public officials and employees shall extend prompt, courteous, and adequate service to the public. Unless otherwise provided by law or when required by the public interest, public officials and employeesshall provide information of their policies and procedures in clear andunderstandable language, ensure openness of information, public consultationsand hearings whenever appropriate, encourage suggestions, simplify andsystematize policy, rules and procedures, avoid red tape and develop an  understanding and appreciation of the socio-economic conditions prevailing in thecountry, especially in the depressed rural and urban areas.(f) Nationalism and patriotism. - Public officials and employees shall at all times be loyal to the Republic and to the Filipino people, promote the use of locally produced goods, resources and technology and encourage appreciation and prideof country and people. They shall endeavor to maintain and defend Philippinesovereignty against foreign intrusion.(g) Commitment to democracy. - Public officials and employees shall committhemselves to the democratic way of life and values, maintain the principle of  public accountability, and manifest by deeds the supremacy of civilian authorityover the military. They shall at all times uphold the Constitution and put loyalty tocountry above loyalty to persons or party.(h) Simple living. - Public officials and employees and their families shall leadmodest lives appropriate to their positions and income. They shall not indulge inextravagant or ostentatious display of wealth in any form.(B) The Civil Service Commission shall adopt positive measures to promote (1)observance of these standards including the dissemination of information programs andworkshops authorizing merit increases beyond regular progression steps, to a limitednumber of employees recognized by their office colleagues to be outstanding in their observance of ethical standards; and (2) continuing research and experimentation onmeasures which provide positive motivation to public officials and employees in raisingthe general level of observance of these standards. Section 5.    Duties of Public Officials and Employees. - In the performance of their duties, all public officials and employees are under obligation to:(a) Act promptly on letters and requests. - All public officials and employees shall, withinfifteen (15) working days from receipt thereof, respond to letters, telegrams or other means of communications sent by the public. The reply must contain the action taken onthe request.(b) Submit annual performance reports. - All heads or other responsible officers of officesand agencies of the government and of government-owned or controlled corporationsshall, within forty-five (45) working days from the end of the year, render a performancereport of the agency or office or corporation concerned. Such report shall be open andavailable to the public within regular office hours.(c) Process documents and papers expeditiously. - All official papers and documentsmust be processed and completed within a reasonable time from the preparation thereof and must contain, as far as practicable, not more than three (3) signatories therein. In theabsence of duly authorized signatories, the official next-in-rank or officer in charge shallsign for and in their behalf.  (d) Act immediately on the public's personal transactions. - All public officials andemployees must attend to anyone who wants to avail himself of the services of their offices and must, at all times, act promptly and expeditiously.(e) Make documents accessible to the public. - All public documents must be madeaccessible to, and readily available for inspection by, the public within reasonableworking hours. Section 6.   S   ystem of Incentives and Rewards. - A system of annual incentives and rewards ishereby established in order to motivate and inspire public servants to uphold the higheststandards of ethics. For this purpose, a Committee on Awards to Outstanding Public Officialsand Employees is hereby created composed of the following: the Ombudsman and Chairman of the Civil Service Commission as Co-Chairmen, and the Chairman of the Commission on Audit,and two government employees to be appointed by the President, as members.It shall be the task of this Committee to conduct a periodic, continuing review of the performance of public officials and employees, in all the branches and agencies of Governmentand establish a system of annual incentives and rewards to the end that due recognition is givento public officials and employees of outstanding merit on the basis of the standards set forth inthis Act.The conferment of awards shall take into account, among other things, the following: the yearsof service and the quality and consistency of performance, the obscurity of the position, the levelof salary, the unique and exemplary quality of a certain achievement, and the risks or temptationsinherent in the work. Incentives and rewards to government officials and employees of the year to be announced in public ceremonies honoring them may take the form of bonuses, citations,directorships in government-owned or controlled corporations, local and foreign scholarshipgrants, paid vacations and the like. They shall likewise be automatically promoted to the nexthigher position with the commensurate salary suitable to their qualifications. In case there is nonext higher position or it is not vacant, said position shall be included in the budget of the officein the next General Appropriations Act. The Committee on Awards shall adopt its own rules togovern the conduct of its activities. Section 7.    Prohibited Acts and Transactions. - In addition to acts and omissions of publicofficials and employees now prescribed in the Constitution and existing laws, the following shallconstitute prohibited acts and transactions of any public official and employee and are herebydeclared to be unlawful:(a) Financial and material interest. - Public officials and employees shall not, directly or indirectly, have any financial or material interest in any transaction requiring the approvalof their office.(b) Outside employment and other activities related thereto. - Public officials andemployees during their incumbency shall not:
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