Selecting Plants for Pollinators: Sierran Steppe Mixed Forest - North American Pollinator Protection Campaign

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Selecting Plants for Pollinators: Sierran Steppe Mixed Forest - North American Pollinator Protection Campaign
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   A Regional Guide for Farmers, Land Managers, and Gardeners In the andNAPPC Sierran Steppe Mixed ForestConiferous Forest Alpine Meadow Province Including Parts ofCalifornia  and Oregon SelectingPlantsfor Pollinators  Selecting Plants for Pollinators 2 This is one of several guides fordifferent regions in the UnitedStates. We welcome your feedback to assist us in making the futureguides useful. Please contact us at feedback@pollinator.org  Why Support Pollinators? 4Getting Started 5Sierran Steppe – Mixed Forest 6 Meet the Pollinators 8Plant Traits 10Developing Plantings 12Farms 13Public Lands 14Home Landscapes 15Bloom Periods 16Plants That Attract Pollinators 18Habitat Hints 20Checklist 22Resources and Feedback 23 Table of CONTENTS Cover: Trinity Alps, California mountains and meadow courtesy Marguerite Meyer  3 Sierran Steppe – Mixed Forest – Coniferous Forest – Alpine Meadow Province  A Regional Guide for Farmers, Land Managers, and Gardeners In theEcological Region of the Sierran SteppeMixed ForestConiferous Forest Alpine Meadow Province Including Parts ofCalifornia and Oregon  a nappc and Pollinator Partnership™ Publication Selecting Plants for Pollinators This guide was funded by the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation, the C.S. Fund, the Plant Conservation Alliance, the U.S. Forest Service, and the Bureau of Land Management with oversight by the Pollinator Partnership™(www.pollinator.org), in support of the North American Pollinator Protection Campaign (NAPPC–www.nappc.org).  I n   theIr  1996 book  , t he  F orgotten P ollInators , Buchmann andNabhan estimated that animal pollinators are needed for the reproductionof 90% of owering plants and one third of human food crops. Each of usdepends on these industrious pollinators in a practical way to provide us with the wide range of foods we eat. In addition, pollinators are part of theintricate web that supports the biological diversity in natural ecosystems that helps sustain our quality of life. Abundant and healthy populations of pollinators can improve fruit setand quality, and increase fruit size. In farming situations this increases production per acre. In the wild, biodiversity increases and wildlife foodsources increase.Blueberries, strawberries, peaches, and pears are some of the crops raisedin the Sierran Steppe–Mixed Forest that rely on honey bees and native bees for pollination. Domestic honey bees pollinate approximately $10 billion worth of crops in the U.S. each year.Unfortunately, the numbers of both native pollinators and domesticated bee populations are declining. They are threatened by habitat loss,disease, and the excessive and inappropriate use of pesticides. The loss of commercial bees to Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD) has highlighted howsevere the issues of proper hive management are to reduce stresses caused by disease, pesticide use, insufcient nutrition, and transportation practices.Currently, the pollination services that the commercial beekeeping industry provides are receiving much needed research and conservation resources.The efforts to understand the threats to commercial bees should help usunderstand other pollinators and their roles in the environment as well.It is imperative that we take immediate steps to help pollinator populations thrive. The beauty of the situation is that by supporting pollinators’ needfor habitat, we support our own needs for food and support diversity in thenatural world.Thank you for taking time to consult this guide. By adding plants to your landscape that provide food and shelter for pollinators throughout theiractive seasons and by adopting pollinator friendly landscape practices, youcan make a difference to both the pollinators and the people that rely on them. “ Farming feedsthe world, and we must remember that pollinators are a criticallink in our foodsystems. ” -- Paul Growald,Co-Founder,Pollinator partnership Selecting Plants for Pollinators 4  Why support pollinators? Laurie Davies AdamsExecutive DirectorPollinator Partnership
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