Mope

11 pages
24 views

Please download to get full document.

View again

of 11
All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.
Share
Description
Museums with 20 th century costume collec Synthetic fibre is artificial and chemically created that‟s why it is easy to tweak and manipulate it to form a product of ones choice by eliminating the discrepancies. Some examples of synthetic fibre are nylon, polyester and acrylic. Nylon is the second largest most used synthetic fibre in the United States of America. When it was first introduced in the market in 1931 it attracted a lot of attention as it was the first noncellulose based material tha
Tags
Transcript
  Museums with 20 th century costume collec Synthetic fibre is artificial and chemically created that‟s why it is easy to tweak and manipulate it to form a product of ones choice by eliminating the discrepancies.Some examples of synthetic fibre are nylon, polyester and acrylic. Nylon is the second largest most used synthetic fibre in the United States of America. When itwas first introduced in the market in 1931 it attracted a lot of attention as it was the first non-cellulose based material that was made solely from petroleum and coal. It was vastly used intents, parachutes, tires and ropes during the World War II  Nylon The invention of nylon in 1931 created a rev-lution because it was the first non-cellulosefiber made directly from petrochemicals or coal. The first commercial production of nylon was in 1939 for women‟s hosiery. During World War II, the government redirected nylonfrom use in consumer products to the militaryfor tents, parachutes, tires, and ropes. Nylonis the second most used synthetic fiber in theUnited States. Some of the characteristics of nylon include: ã  abrasion resistance ã  washability ã  resistance to oil and most chemicals ã  low moisture absorbency ã  resiliency ã  resistance to mildew, mold, and moths Nylon yellows with age.Some common uses of nylon include the fol-lowing: ã   blouses ã  lingerie ã    swimwear  ã  ski apparel ã  raincoatsSome trade names for nylon are: ã  Antron ã  Durasoft ã  Supplex Polyester  The first commercial production of polyes-ter was in 1953. Polyester wash and wear wrinkle-free garments were popular during the1960s and 1970s. Modern polyesters resemble2Synthetic Fibers in Costume CollectionsConserve O Gram 16/4 National Park Service3Synthetic Fibers in Costume Collections National Park ServiceConserve O Gram 16/4silk, wool, and cotton, making it difficult todistinguish them from natural fibers. Other fibers are often blended with polyester further making identification difficult. Polyester is themost used synthetic fiber in the U.S. Somecharacteristics of polyester include the follow-ing: ã  strength ã  resiliency ã  resistance to most chemicals ã  quick drying ã  washability ã  resistance to mildew  ã  wrinkle resistance ã  retains heat set pleats and creasesOil stains are difficult to remove from polyester fabrics.Some major uses for polyester fibers include: ã   blouses ã  shirts ã  dresses ã  ties ã  suitsTrade names for polyester are: ã  Dacron ã  Fortrel ã  Thermoloft ã  Microloft Acrylic The first commercial production of acrylicfiber in the U.S. was in 1950. Acrylic fibersare made from acrylonitrile, a petrochemical.The combination of acrylonitrile with smallamounts of other chemicals improves the abil-ity of the fiber to absorb dyes. Acrylic fibersare unique among synthetic fibers because theyhave an uneven surface. Some characteristicsof acrylic include: ã  wool-like feel ã  softness and warmth ã  shape retention ã  resiliency ã    quick drying ã  resistance to moths ã  resistance to sunlight ã  resistance to oil and chemicals ã  washabilityAcrylic fabrics suffer from piling and abrasion problems.Some major uses for acrylic fiber include: ã  sweaters ã  socks ã  sportswear  ã   blanketsTrade names for acrylic fibers include: ã  Orlon ã  Acrilan ã  Creslan Polyurethane The first commercial use of polyurethane wasin the early 1950s. Polyurethane materialsinclude bonded fabrics, spandex, syntheticsuede, leather look fabrics and water repellantmaterials.A popular material in the 1960s and 1970s was the “wet - look” fabric, usually composed of polyurethane laminated materials.Many examples in collections include coats, jackets, belts, shoes, and purses.Polyurethane is one of the more problematicsynthetic materials because it is degraded byexposure to light, heat, and chemicals. Materi-als can show deterioration such as: ã  discoloration ã  
Similar documents
We Need Your Support
Thank you for visiting our website and your interest in our free products and services. We are nonprofit website to share and download documents. To the running of this website, we need your help to support us.

Thanks to everyone for your continued support.

No, Thanks