Journal of International Relations - 1922 - 15.pdf

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  The Question of the Absrcines in the Law and Practice of Nations by Alpheus Henry SnowReview by: C. F. Littell The Journal of International Relations, Vol. 12, No. 4 (Apr., 1922), pp. 583-584Published by:Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/29738525. Accessed: 04/10/2013 01:31 Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of the Terms & Conditions of Use, available at . http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp . JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range of¬†content in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new formsof scholarship. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org. . http://www.jstor.org This content downloaded from 209.6.206.232 on Fri, 4 Oct 2013 01:31:20 AMAll use subject toJSTOR Terms and Conditions  BOOKREVIEWS583tragedy.Asademonstrationofthephysicalabsurdityofwar,Irwin'sTheNextWarisclearer,morelucidandmoreconvincing.YetColonel Palmerattemptssomethingmorethaneither. Hisisratheratreatment ofwarintheabstract,withillustrationshereandtherefromhis wideexperience. Dear,graveoldPalmer,withsphinx-likefaceandhonestsoul, ashisfriendGibbscharacterizeshim,hasgivenusthephilosophyofathought?fullifetimeintouchwithhissubject.It isheavyinspots,butitistremendousinothers.Someone mustmapouttheconventional beliefs of thewarperiod,thearmisticeperiodandthepost-wardisillusionment,gettingtheseintoproperrelationshipwitheach other. Thetimeofdisenchantmentinwhichwefindourselveshasitsowncatchwordsandslogans.It leansoverbackward, sotospeak.Inthisrespect,TheFolly ofNationsislessfaultythanmost ofthe others.M.M.Knight,ColumbiaUniversity.TheQuestionoftheAbsrcinesin theLaw andPracticeofNations.AlpheusHenrySnow.NewYorkandLondon,G. P.Putnam'sSons,1921. 376pp.This bookfillsagapinourlegalliterature.Itisareprint, bypermission,ofmaterial collectedin1918byaprominentattorneyandauthor,ofWashington,D.C,attherequestoftheDepart?mentofState.Socommonlyhavethedealingsofcivilizedstateswithnativepeoplesbeenlookeduponaspurelyprivateaffairsthat theserelationshavenot been dealtwithtoanyex?tentbylegalauthorities,andMr. Snowfound no treatiseonthequestion,norevenanychaptersinanybookoninternationallaworthelaw ofcolonies,toserveasamodeloraguide. Indeed,there isconsiderablegroundforquestioningthelegalnature ofthecustomswhichhaveprevailedinthedealingsofthevariousstateswith theirabsrcines,exceptinsofarastheinterestsofmorethanonecivilizedstatehave beeninvolvedatoneandthesametime.Therehasalwaysbeendiversityofopinionamongtheauthorities,evenonsuchquestionsasthatofthevalidityoftreaties executedbetweenacivilizedstate andnativetribes.IntheearlydaysofourgovernmentChiefJusticeMarshallmadehisfamousdecisioninwhich heclassed theIndiantribeswithinourbordersas domesticdependentnations; andpriorto1871ourgovernmentrepeatedlysolemnizedtreatieswith This content downloaded from 209.6.206.232 on Fri, 4 Oct 2013 01:31:20 AMAll use subject toJSTOR Terms and Conditions  584BOOKREVIEWSthenativetribesof thiscontinent,treatieswhichweredeclaredto beapartof thelawof theland.ButMartens,thefamousRussianpublicist,writingin1886,declared; Internationaltrea?tiescanbe concludedonlybetweenstatesmore orlesscivilized.It wouldbedifficulttorecognizeassuchtreatieswhichanAfricanking concludes, disposingoflandswhichheconsidershisown,but ofthe limitsofwhichhe hasnodefinite idea. Itisuponthe Americaninterpretationofthequestionthattheauthorbases hisdiscussions.Afteranintroductorychapterinwhichhedefinesabsrcinesas themembersofuncivilizedtribeswhichinhabitaregionatthe timeacivilized stateextendsitssovereigntyovertheregion,and whichhavesoinhabitedfromtimeimmemorial;andalsouncivilizeddescendentsofsuchpersonsdwellingintheregion, theauthor summarizesinfourteensub?sequentchaptersthelaw andcustomgoverningthe relationsbetween such uncivilizedtribesandthecivilizedstatesthat haveabsorbed theirterritories.?leuses anabundanceofdocumentsinthedevelopmentofsuchtopicsas AbsrcinesasWardsoftheStatewhichExercisesSovereigntyoverThem, TheRelationofthePoweroverAbsrcinalTribesandthe PoweroverColoniesGenerally, TheRightsofAbsrcinesasRespectstheirLand,LibertyandPersonalProperty, The DutiesofCivilizedStatesasGuardians, and TheLegalEffectsofAgreementsbetweenCivilized StatesortheirCitizensandAbsrcinalTribes. Chap?tersX-XIIIdealwith thedevelopmentandcolonizationofCentralAfrica.ChapterXIVdiscusses theproblemof Inter?vention forHumanity instrictly orthodox style.The author'sconclusionsonthissubjectwillprovokeaverysarcasticsmilefromMexican andFilipinoscholars. Hisidealismisreflectedin the clause in theCovenantoftheLeagueofNationswhichprovidesforthecreationofthemandates.ThelastchapterhastodowiththelawoftheabsrcinesasinfluencedbyaffairsinMorocco.Asummarychapterwould haveaddedgreatlyto thevalueofthe bookfor thelayreader.PerhapsthiswasnotneededbytheDepartmentofState.There isanIndexofCases,andaGeneralIndex. Thechief value ofthebookliesinthestoreofdocumentsquotedentireorinpart.Evenhereonecannothelpfeelingthatthe world has movedalongwayinthisparticularfield sincethesummerof 1918when the bookwaswritten.C.F.Littell,AlleghenyCollege. This content downloaded from 209.6.206.232 on Fri, 4 Oct 2013 01:31:20 AMAll use subject toJSTOR Terms and Conditions
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