In Brief - Parliamentary Elections in Equatorial Guinea

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At present, all of the driving issues behind the upcoming legislative elections are in some way related to the systemic corruption and unfairness that seem illustrative of the country’s government and infrastructure. According to the Human Rights Watch World Report 2012, Equatorial Guinea “remains mired in corruption, poverty, and repression under President Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo,” and “Vast oil revenues fund lavish lifestyles for the [president’s entourage], while most of the population lives in poverty.” Read our Elections Guide to learn more about the recent parliamentary elections that took place in Equatorial Guinea on May 26, 2013.
  AfricA ProgrAm EQUATORIALGUINEA Summary of Recent Elections PArLiAmENTArY May 26, 2013100 seats in the House o People’s Representatives(Cámara de los Representantes del Pueblo) 1 In an eort to “distance itsel rom its inter-national image o a dictatorship,” the oil-richnation plans to hold legislative elections inMay that aim to address a number o re-orms. 2 This election would be the frst sincemore than “97 percent o voters approveda series o constitutional reorms in a No-vember 2011 reerendum.” The oppositioncriticized the reerendum and its legitimacy,as it allows incumbent the President, TeodoroObiang Nguema Mbasogo, to handpick hissuccessor. 3 Equatorial Guineans will vote onmany ballot initiatives, including presidentialterm limits and creating an ofce o the vicepresident. 4 Also, constituents will elect sen-ators or the frst time, thereby establishingan upper house o the legislature. 5 Moreover,opposition members are growing increasinglyrustrated as the President and his party,the Democratic Party o Equatorial Guinea(PDGE), continue to maintain a super majorityover the House o People’s Representatives.Ater this election, the PDGE is expected toretain its overwhelming majority in the Houseand win a majority in the Senate as well. Suay  reent EletnsPalaentay Eletns – May 26, 2013 Ppulatn and nube  esteed vtes: Total Population: 704,001 (July 2010 est.)Registered Voters: 292,585 ( 2009 ) ELEcTioN ANALYSiS  AfricA ProgrAm results:Huse  Peple’s repesentatves 6 PatyNube  Seats (70) Democratic Party o Equatorial Guinea / (PDGE)54Convergence or Social Democracy / (CPDS)1Appointed Members15 Senate 7  PatyNube  Seats (100) Democratic Party o Equatorial Guinea / (PDGE)99Convergence or Social Democracy / (CPDS)1 Suay  Pevus EletnsPalaentay Eletns – May 4, 2008 8 House o People’s Representatives ( Cámara de los Representantes del Pueblo  ) Ppulatn and nube  esteed vtes: Total Population: 616,459Registered Voters: 278,000 (May 2008) results:PatyNube Seats – 2008(100)Nube  Seats – 2004(100) Democratic Party o Equa-torial Guinea / (PDGE)8968Convergence or SocialDemocracy / (CPDS)12Electoral Coalition 9 1030  Patd Deát de gunea Euatal(PDgE) / Deat Paty  Equatalgunea (DPEg) ã Leadership:  Obiang Nguema Mbaso-go (President); Lucas Nguema EsonoMbang (Secretary General) 14 ã Founding date:  October 11, 1987 15 ã Platform:  “The main objectives o theDemocratic Party o Equatorial Guineaare set as ollows: 1) Deend the demo-cratic nature o the Republic o Equato-rial Guinea and its right to statehood, asin its national sovereignty resides in thepeople; 2) Deend the unity and terri-torial integrity o Equatorial Guinea; 3)Deend the oundations o a ree marketeconomy; 4) Promote all scrupulous re-spect or the undamental human rightsand the deense o dignity, reedom andequality; 5) Politically, civically and cultur-ally train its members, as to enable theirparticipation in political lie, the pursuito social justice, democratic reedom,prosperity and peace; 6) Assure that theexpression o the popular is the unda-mental tool or political participation; 7) AfricA ProgrAm mAjor PoLiTicAL PArTiES 13 Pesdental Eletns – December 15, 2002 10 Ppulatn and nube  esteed vtes: Total Population: 498,144Registered Voters: 215,447 results:canddatePatyVtes%  Vtes Teodoro Obiang NguemaMbasogo 11 Partido Democrático de GuineaEcuatorial (PDGE)204,36797.06%Celestino BoniacioBacalé 12 Convergencia para laDemocracia Social (CPDS)4,5702.17%Jeremías Ondo NgomoUnión Popular de GuineaEcuatorial (UP)6630.31%Buenaventura MonsuyAsumuPartido de la Coalición SocialDemócrata (PCSD)5010.24%Secundino OyonoAgwong AdaConvergencia SocialDemocrática y Popular (CSDP)4490.21%  Participate in political orientation o thestate; 8) Spread the Party’s politicalphilosophy; 9) Encourage debate withinits own structures that avors consensusand consultation in decision-making. Thiswill better ensure the general interest oboth the Party and the greater nationalpolitical scene; 10) Defne the generaldirection o the government’s domesticand oreign policy; 11) Create and main-tain a national political, economic andcultural environment that avors a rapidand balanced development o the coun-try; 12) Develop political programs andsubmit candidates to elections or thePresidency o the Republic, the Houseo People’s Representatives, and otherlocal positions. [ tanslatn ]” 16   cnveena paa la DeaaSal (cPDS) / cnveene Sal Deay (cSD) ã Leadership:  Santiago Obama Ndong(President); Plácido Micó Abogo (Secre-tary General) 17 ã Founding date:  Applied or recognitionin November 1992, legally recognized inFebruary 1993 18 ã Platform:  The main opposition party inEquatorial Guinea, “The Party organiza-tion is based on the ollowing principles:1) Democracy as a orm o participationor those members associated with theParty’s viability; 2) Ideological afnity asthe basis o solidarity in eorts to rejectoutright any ethnic, racial, tribal, or otherkinds o inclination; 3) Respect or ree-dom o conscience, thought and expres-sion o each o the members within theParty to ensure the complete reedomo internal discussion. [However, theParty does not] allow the ormation oorganized tendencies that are contraryto unit objectives and programs; 4) Theunity o action and the implementationo decisions adopted by the compe-tent Party organs; 5) The organization is[based around a] decentralized approachand on the autonomy o the districtand regional groupings that comprisethe statutorily established parts o thisgroup. [tanslatn] ” 19 The “Deat oppstn” 20 ã Leadership:  Not applicable ã Founding date:  Not applicableThis group, allied with the ruling party(PDGE), includes the Sal DeatUnn (UDS), Lbeal Deat cnven-tn (cLD), Pessve Deat All-ane (ADP), Sal Deat Paty (PSD),Lbeal Paty (PL), and Deat NatnalUnn  Equatal gunea (UDENA). AfricA ProgrAm
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