Guide_on_Prevention_and_Management_of_Musculoskeletal_Disorders_MSDs_.pdf

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Guidance on the Prevention and Management of Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs) in the Workplace This guide is designed for application in both Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. The production of this guide is a joint initiativ
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  Guidance onthe Preventionand Management of Musculoskeletal Disorders(MSDs) in the Workplace This guide is designed for application in both Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. The production of this guide is a joint initiative between the Health and SafetyExecutive for Northern Ireland (HSENI) and the Health and Safety Authority (HSA).  Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2Information to support the business case forthe prevention and management of musculoskeletalDisorders (MSDs) in the workplace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4Element 1: Policy on the prevention andmanagement of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) in the workplace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7Element 2: Risk Assessment and safe systemsof work plans (SSWPs) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10Element 3: Training . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19Element 4: Accident and near miss reporting and investigation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22Element 5: Injury Management (Retention, rehabilitationand return to work) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24Element 6: Internal Auditing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28Appendices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32 Published in 2013 by the Health and Safety Authority, The Metropolitan Building, James Joyce Street, Dublin 1. Contents   This guide is targeted at employers, health and safety professionals, safety representatives, occupational healthprofessionals and anyone who works to reduce the risk of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) in the workplace. This guide gives practical information on actions that can be taken to prevent and manage MSDs in the workplace.MSDs can be work-related, work exacerbated or non-work-related; however, this guide addresses MSDs atworkplace level and not MSDs in the general population.  The areas covered in this guide are MSDs related to manual handling, use of display screen equipment (DSE) atcomputer workstations and work activities with increased risk of upper limb disorders (ULDs). MSDs in the Workplace MSDs are conditions affecting the musculoskeletal system and can present in the tendons, muscles, joints, bloodvessels and/or nerves of the limbs and back. Symptoms may include pain, discomfort, numbness and tingling in theaffected area and can differ in severity from mild and periodic to severe, chronic and debilitating conditions. MSDs can be multifactorial in nature. The focus of this guide is on physical workplace risk factors which maycontribute to or exacerbate an MSD. It is important to note that psychosocial factors (for example, the level of autonomy of staff and job dissatisfaction) should be considered and managed at an organisational level whereappropriate, but these factors are outside the terms of reference for this guide.  The objectives of this guide are: ãTo bring together information from different sources on the prevention and management of MSDs in the workplace;ãTo explain the main elements which need to be considered as part of a structured process for preventing and managing MSDs in the workplace;ãTo present information to support the business case for the prevention and management of MSDs in the workplace;ãTo give examples of risk assessment tools, safe systems of work plans (SSWPs), policy statements and an audit tool which can help employers to meet regulatory requirements and reduce the risk of musculoskeletal injury; and ãTo share useful resources and links to best practice and legislative requirements. 2 Guidance on the prevention and management of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) in the workplace Introduction
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