Group 1 - Analysis of Urine and Other Body Fluids

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PHILIPPINE ASSOCIATION OF SCHOOLS OF MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY AND PUBLIC HEALTH Prototype Course Syllabus Course Title: Analysis of Urine and Other Body Fluids Course Description: The course deals with the study of the gross, chemical and microscopic analyses of the different body fluids other than blood. It includes the importance of these body fluids to body processes; the principles of the analytical procedures; interpretation of results and clinical significance of the physiologically important
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    PASMETH, Inc.Copyright © 2008 All Rights Reserved. PHILIPPINE ASSOCIATION OF SCHOOLS OF MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY AND PUBLIC HEALTH Prototype Course Syllabus Course Title: Analysis of Urine and Other Body Fluids Course Description: The course deals with the study of the gross, chemical and microscopic analyses of the different body fluids other than blood. It includes the importance of these body fluids tobody processes; the principles of the analytical procedures; interpretation of results and clinical significance of the physiologically important substances found in these body fluids. QualityAssurance and Laboratory Safety are also given emphasis. Course Credit: 3 units (2 units lecture, 1 unit laboratory) Contact Hours: 2 hours lecture, 3 hours laboratory per week (36 hours lecture and 54 hours laboratory per semester) Prerequisites: Biochemistry, Human Anatomy and Physiology Placement: Third Year, 2 nd Semester Terminal Competencies: At the end of this course, the student is able to:1. understand the principles and mechanisms involved in the formation, composition and general characteristics of different body fluids and secretions2. perform the routine and special laboratory analyses of body fluids3. recognize the importance of accurate and precise laboratory findings as aid to the diagnosis and treatment of disease4. recognize normal test results and correlate abnormal findings with pathologic conditions5. manifest medical technologist’s personal, social and professional responsibilities in helping restore or maintain the health of men with high moral and ethical standards. References: 1. Brunzel N.A. Fundamentals of Urine and Body Fluids Analysis. Pennsylvania: Saunders, 2004.2. McClatchey, Kenneth. Clinical Laboratory Medicine 2 nd   ed. USA: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 2002.3. Mcpherson, Richard A. and Matthew R. Pincus. Henry’s Clinical Diagnosis and Management by Laboratory Methods 21 st ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier Inc., 2007.4. Sacher, Ronald and Richard McPherson. Widmann’s Clinical Interpretation of Laboratory Tests 11 th   ed. Thailand: F.A. Davis, 2000.5. Schumann G.B. and Friendman S.K. Wet Urinalysis: Interpretations, Correlations and Implications. Chicago: ASCP Press, 2003.6. Scott M., A. Gronowski and C. Eby. Tietz’s Applied Laboratory Medicine 2 nd   ed. USA: Wiley-Liss, 2007.7. Strasinger S.K. and Di Lorenzo M.S, Urinalysis and Body Fluids 5 th ed. USA: F.A. Davis Company, 2008.    PASMETH, Inc.Copyright © 2008 All Rights Reserved. 8. U.S. Army Medical Department. Urinalysis Guide: Testing and Screening. USA: Quality Information Publishers Inc., 2001. Electronic References: 1. http://164.119.202.40/steinbeck/medt1000/ 2. http://en.wikipedia-org/wiki/Body_fluid3. http://www.agora.crosemont.qc.ca/urinesediments/Homeng.htm4. http://www.liv.ac.uk/~dcmt/Lectures/Fluids.html5. http://wwwmedlib.med.utah.edu/WebPath/TUTORIAL/URINE/URINE.html    PASMETH, Inc.Copyright © 2008 All Rights Reserved. 18. Recognize normal test results inurine examination19. Apply quality assurance in urineexamination20. Report correct test results usingstandard format of reporting1.1. Barrier precautions1.2. Disinfection process1.3. Proper handling, labeling of urinesamples and waste disposal1.4. Cleaning of glasswares1.5. Referral System2. Routine Urinalysis2.1. Macroscopic Exam2.1.1. Color2.1.2. Transparency2.1.3. Specific gravity2.1.3.1. Urinometer2.1.3.2. Refractometer2.1.4. pH2.2. Microscopic Exam2.2.1. Cells2.2.1.1. Normal2.2.1.2. Abnormal2.2.2. Casts2.2.3. Crystals2.2.4. Parasites2.3. Chemical Examination2.3.1. Routine & Special2.3.1.1. Tube Method2.3.1.2. Use of strips2.3.1.2.1. Protein2.3.1.2.2. Sugar2.3.1.2.3. Bilirubin2.3.1.2.4. Occultblood/Hemoglobin2.3.1.2.5. Urobilinogen2.3.1.2.6. Urobilin2.3.1.2.7. Nitrites2.3.1.2.8. Leukocyteesterase2.3.1.2.9. Others2.4. Creatinine Clearance Test2.5. Screening Tests for AminoaciduriasAt the end of this unit, the student isable to:1. Define terms related to pregnancytest2. State the purpose of pregnancytest3. Determine acceptability of urinesample for pregnancy test4. State the principle of the differentII. Pregnancy TestLecture:1. Definition of Terms2. Purpose of Pregnancy Test3. Patient Preparation4. Specimen collection, processing andpreservation5. Acceptable urine6. Different pregnancy tests2 hrsLarge GroupDiscussionCase analysisAssignmentsDemonstrationPerformanceof TestsOutputPresentationCommunicationskillsProblem- solvingskillsTechnical skillsLaboratoryHonestyCommitmentResponsibilityAccountabilityAdherence torulesCooperationTeamworkConcern forWritten examOral examinationPerformance checklistPractical examinationReturn demonstration
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