Biography Ni Pepe

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Biography JOSE RIZAL, the national hero of the Philippines and pride of the Malayan race, was born on June 19, 1861, in the town of Calamba, Laguna. He was the seventh child in a family of 11 children (2 boys and 9 girls). Both his parents were educated and belonged to distinguished families. His father, Francisco Mercado Rizal, an industrious farmer whom Rizal called a model of fathers, came from Biñan, Laguna; while his mother, Teodora Alonzo y Quintos, a highly cultured and accomplished wom
  Biography JOSE RIZAL, the national hero of the Philippines and pride of the Malayan race, was born onJune 19, 1861, in the town of Calamba, Laguna. He was the seventh child in a family of 11children (2 boys and 9 girls). Both his parents were educated and belonged to distinguishedfamilies. His father, Francisco Mercado Rizal, an industrious farmer whom Rizal called a modelof fathers, came from Biñan, Laguna; while his mother, Teodora Alonzo y Quintos, a highlycultured and accomplished woman whom Rizal called loving and prudent mother, was born inMeisic, Sta. Cruz, Manila.At the age of 3, he learned the alphabet from his mother; at 5, while learning to read and write,he already showed inclinations to be an artist. He astounded his family and relatives by his pencildrawings and sketches and by his moldings of clay. At the age 8, he wrote a Tagalog poem, SaAking Mga Kabata, the theme of which revolves on the love of one’s language. In 1877, at theage of 16, he obtained his Bachelor of Arts degree with an average of excellent from theAteneo Municipal de Manila. In the same year, he enrolled in Philosophy and Letters at theUniversity of Santo Tomas, while at the same time took courses leading to the degree of surveyor and expert assessor at the Ateneo. He finished the latter course on March 21, 1877 and passed the Surveyor’s examination on May 21, 1878; but because of his age, 17, he was notgranted license to practice the profession until December 30, 1881. In 1878, he enrolled inmedicine at the University of Santo Tomas but had to stop in his studies when he felt that theFilipino students were being discriminated upon by their Dominican tutors.On May 3, 1882, he sailed for Spain where he continued his studies at the Universidad Centralde Madrid. On June 21, 1884, at the age of 23, he was conferred the degree of Licentiate inMedicine and on June 19,1885, at the age of 24, he finished his course in Philosophy and Letterswith a grade of excellent. Having traveled extensively in Europe, America and Asia, hemastered 22 languages. These include Arabic, Catalan, Chinese, English, French, German,Greek, Hebrew, Italian, Japanese, Latin, Malayan, Portuguese, Russian, Sanskrit, Spanish,Tagalog, and other native dialects. A versatile genius, he was an architect, artists, businessman,cartoonists, educator, economist, ethnologist, scientific farmer, historian, inventor, journalist,linguist, musician, mythologist, nationalist, naturalist, novelist, ophthalmic surgeon, poet, propagandist, psychologist, scientist, sculptor, sociologist, and theologian. He was an expertswordsman and a good shot.In the hope of securing political and social reforms for his country and at the same time educatehis countrymen, Rizal, the greatest apostle of Filipino nationalism, published, while in Europe,several works with highly nationalistic and revolutionary tendencies. In March 1887, his daring book, NOLI ME TANGERE, a satirical novel exposing the arrogance and despotism of theSpanish clergy, was published in Berlin; in 1890 he reprinted in Paris, Morga’s SUCCESSOSDE LAS ISLAS FILIPINAS with his annotations to prove that the Filipinos had a civilization  worthy to be proud of even long before the Spaniards set foot on Philippine soil; on September 18, 1991, EL FILIBUSTERISMO, his second novel and a sequel to the NOLI and morerevolutionary and tragic than the latter, was printed in Ghent.Because of his fearless exposures of the injustices committed by the civil and clerical officials,Rizal provoked the animosity of those in power. This led himself, his relatives and countrymeninto trouble with the Spanish officials of the country. As a consequence, he and those who hadcontacts with him, were shadowed; the authorities were not only finding faults but evenfabricating charges to pin him down. Thus, he was imprisoned in Fort Santiago from July 6,1892 to July 15, 1892 on a charge that anti-friar pamphlets were found in the luggage of hissister Lucia who arrive with him from Hong Kong. While a political exile in Dapitan, he engagedin agriculture, fishing and business; he maintained and operated a hospital; he conducted classes-taught his pupils the English and Spanish languages, the arts. The sciences, vocational coursesincluding agriculture, surveying, sculpturing, and painting, as well as the art of self defense; hedid some researches and collected specimens; he entered into correspondence with renownedmen of letters and sciences abroad; and with the help of his pupils, he contracted water dam anda relief map of Mindanao- both considered remarkable engineering feats.His sincerity and friendliness won for him the trust and confidence of even those assigned toguard him; his good manners and warm personality were found irresistible by women of all raceswith whom he had personal contacts; his intelligence and humility gained for him the respect andadmiration of prominent men of other nations; while his undaunted courage and determination touplift the welfare of his people were feared by his enemies. When the Philippine Revolutionstarted on August 26, 1896, his enemies lost no time in pressing him down. They were able toenlist witnesses that linked him with the revolt and these were never allowed to be confronted byhim. Thus, from November 3, 1986, to the date of his execution, he was again committed to FortSantiago. In his prison cell, he wrote an untitled poem, now known as Ultimo Adios which isconsidered a masterpiece and a living document expressing not only the hero’s great love of country but also that of all Filipinos. After a mock trial, he was convicted of rebellion, seditionand of forming illegal association. In the cold morning of December 30, 1896, Rizal, a manwhose 35 years of life had been packed with varied activities which proved that the Filipino hascapacity to equal if not excel even those who treat him as a slave, was shot at Bagumbayan Field. What is the complete legal name of Dr. Jose Rizal? Dr. Jose Protacio Alonso Realonda Mercado Rizal. Jose and Protacio are his baptismalnames,Alonso Realonda Mercado Rizal is his family's quadruple surname. When is the birth anniversary of Dr. Jose Rizal? June 19, 1861. It was on a moonlit night, between eleven and twelve that Rizal was born.  What is the Spanish name for a Filipino native, which the Filipinos' resented very much? Indio. Spanish mestizos hatefully call Filipinos 'Indios Chonggo!' Name Rizal's host at Wilhelmsfeld. Karl Ulmer. Karl Ulmer helped Dr. Rizal brush up his German language upon knowingthat Rizal was having difficulty communicating himself. At 16, Rizal experienced his first romance. He fell in love with which girl? Segunda Katigbak. It was on a Sunday when Rizal, together with his friend MarianoKatigbak visited his maternal grandmother in Trozo, Manila that he came upon the mostattractive girl---Segunda Katigbak. Segunda was the sister of his friend, Mariano. Who is the older brother of Dr. Jose Rizal? Paciano Mercado. Not only was Paciano an older brother of Jose Rizal but he was alsomore like a father of Rizal. Noli me tangere is a Latin phrase. What does it mean? Touch me not. He was an Austrian and he became the best friend of Dr. Jose Rizal. Who was he? Dr. Ferdinand Blumettritt. Governor General Terrero assigned a bodyguard to Rizal. And between them, awonderful friendship blossomed. Who was this bodyguard? Lt. Jose Taviel de Andrada. What is the real name of O-Sei-San? Seiko Usui. Seiko Usui is a Japanese girl whom Rizal fell in love with. Jose Rizalaffectionately call her O-Sei-San. José RizalFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search José Protasio Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda  José Rizal, the national hero of the Philippines. Date of birth: June 19, 1861 Place of birth: Calamba, Laguna, Philippines Date of death: December 30, 1896 (aged 35) Place of death: Bagumbayan (now Rizal Park), Manila,Philippines Majororganizations: La Solidaridad, La Liga Filipina Majormonuments: Rizal Park, Manila Alma mater: Ateneo Municipal de Manila, University of Santo Tomas, Universidad Central deMadrid, University of Paris, Ruprecht KarlUniversity of Heidelberg Dr. José Protasio Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda [1] (June 19, 1861 – December 30, 1896,Bagumbayan), was a Filipino polymath, nationalist and the most prominent advocate for reformsin the Philippines during the Spanish colonial era. He is considered a national hero of thePhilippines, [2] and the anniversary of Rizal's death is commemorated as a Philippine holidaycalled  Rizal Day . Rizal's 1896 military trial and execution made him a martyr of the PhilippineRevolution.The seventh of eleven children born to a wealthy family in the town of Calamba, Laguna, Rizalattended the Ateneo Municipal de Manila, earning a Bachelor of Arts. He enrolled in Medicineand Philosophy and Letters at the University of Santo Tomas and then traveled alone to Madrid,Spain, where he continued his studies at the Universidad Central de Madrid, earning the degreeof   Licentiate in Medicine . He attended the University of Paris and earned a second doctorate atthe University of Heidelberg. Rizal was a polyglot conversant in at least ten languages. [3][4][5][6] Hewas a prolific poet, essayist, diarist, correspondent, and novelist whose most famous works werehis two novels,  Noli me Tangere and  El filibusterismo . [7] These are social commentaries on thePhilippines that formed the nucleus of literature that inspired dissent among peaceful reformistsand spurred the militancy of armed revolutionaries against the Spanish colonial authorities.
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