Anglo-iberian Relations 1150-1280 a Diplomatic History

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  Anglo-Iberian Relations 1150-1280: A Diplomatic History Olga Cecilia Méndez González Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy University of East Anglia School of History March 2013 © This copy of the thesis has been supplied on condition that anyone who consults it is understood to recognise that its copyright rests with the author and that use of any information derived there from must be in accordance with current UK Copyright Law. In addition, any quotation or extract must include full attribution.    Abstract This thesis examines the political relations between England and the Iberian Peninsula, from the accession of Henry II of England to the death of Alfonso X of León-Castile, an episode in diplomatic history that remains largely unexplored. This  period, spanning over a century and a half, was punctuated by a series of key political events. The study of these sheds light upon the diplomatic complexities of the period. Chapter One explores the historiography and the particularities of Spanish documentary sources. Chapter Two analyses the use of the word  Hispania  in thirteenth-century chronicles and charters, in an attempt to discover how the term was used and to whom it referred. Chapters Three examines the close relations between the crown of Aragón and the vicomté of Béarn in the twelfth century, while the following chapter looks at the unification of Catalonia and Aragón and the implications of the marriage between Eleanor of England and Alfonso VIII of Castile. Chapter Five explores the impact of Richard I and John’s alliances with Navarre. As León-Castile consolidated is power in the Peninsula, there was a shift of alliances, reflected on Anglo-Iberian relations. Chapter Six explores the particular circumstances that brought about the treaty of 1254 between Henry III of England and Alfonso X of Castile. No study of the political relations of the period would be complete without examination of the impact of the imperial controversy and interregnum upon relations between Henry III of England (the brother of a claimant) and Alfonso X of Castile (a claimant in his own right). Finally, Chapter Eight studies the failed marriage of the infante Sancho of Castile and Gilhelme (Willemina), the    younger daughter of the vicomte of Béarn, Gaston VII. This involved negotiations  between Edward I of England, Philip III of France and Alfonso X of Castile.    # Acknowledgements First and foremost, I would like to acknowledge funding provided by the Consejo  Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología (CONACyT) without which I would have not undertaken this PhD. A special thank you, to my supervisor Nicholas Vincent for his invaluable guidance and almost saintly patience. My gratitude to all whom offered their advice and expertise, in particular to the late Alan Deyermond, Maria-João Branco, Peter Linehan, Richard Cassidy, David Carpenter, Raquel García Arancón, Ben Wild, Roger Wright, Björn Weiler and Stephen Church. A special thank you for the staff of the Bodleian Library who always offered a friendly and courteous welcome. My appreciation to the staff at the Arxiu de la Corona d’Aragó who went to great lengths to locate several manuscripts untraceable through digital media. Thank you also to friends and family who cheered and supported me. Last but not least, a special thank you to my husband, Ignacio, who stood by my side through endless hours of research and whose support made the whole saga possible. Also to Eli and Santi who often travelled with me to conferences, libraries and archives. I hope have you enjoyed the ride.
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