Anglicanism 3

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    Ion Luca Caragiale National College Ploieşti   Anglicanism  Coordinating teacher: Apostol Valentina Student: Isb ăşoiu Dragoş AndreiGrade 12 I2013    2 Table of contents Précis1.   Introduction2.   A History of Anglicanism3.   The Rituals and Organization of the Anglican Church4.   Important People and Famous Places5.   Conclusion6.   Bibliography  3 Précis In the autumn of 2010 a new priest was sent to the village where I live. He started telling me it wasnecessary to speak English very well. He brought as an argument the fact that one day his good friendfrom England would come in Romania and he would spend some time in our village. The curiosityurged me to ask more details about this Englishman who was, in fact, a priest. Father Jonnathan is aservant at the Orthodox parish from Lancaster. But this chosen of God was, in the beginning, anAnglican priest. The fact that the Anglican Church permitted women to occupy the function of a priestdissatisfied him and for this reason he was determined to leave the faith specific to English people,converting to Orthodoxy. This action undertaken by father Jonnathan surprised me and made mecurious about the Anglican religion. After I learned this thing, I began to be restless, asking myself ―But what is the Anglican Church?‖ . I knew very little information about this creed. Although I wished to learn more things about theOrthodox faith and to become a priest, I considered it was not a bad thing if I knew the religion of a people whose language I had been learning since I was a pupil. I thought that being acquainted to particulars about the religion of inhabitants from the United Kingdom was a way through which I couldfind out something about the English people. As a result, I chose to prepare this paper aboutAnglicanism.I read in history books about king Henry VIII who decided to break relations with the pope fromRome. He chose to leave the Catholic Church and founded the Church of England. This  schism achieved by a king from his own interests led to the birth of a new division of Christianism. The effects of this breaking were not good, in the contemporaneity this English institution taking some decisions which passed the teaching given by God. Are these acts the results of the reformer spirit from the interior of this Church or the results of the English spirit?Also, the discussions with some colleagues determined me to search pieces of information about thegenuine leader of Anglicans. Who is the one: the Archbishop of Canterbury or theBritish sovereign?These questions are a part of my curiosity and for this reason I consider the Anglicanism a subjectwhich must be treated with seriosity, seeing that the Anglican Church is a national church with a cultcharacteristic to English people.  4 1. Introduction Anglicanism is a tradition withinChristianitycomprising theChurch of Englandand churches which are historically tied to it or have similar beliefs, worship practices and church structures. Theword  Anglican srcinates in ecclesia anglicana , a medieval Latin phrase dating to at least 1246 thatmeans the  English Church . As an adjective, Anglican is used to describe the people, institutions andchurches, as well as the liturgical traditions and theological concepts, developed by theChurch of England.As a noun, an Anglican is a member of a church in theAnglican Communion.The word  Anglicanism is aneologismfrom the 19th century; constructed from the older word  Anglican .The greatmajority of Anglicans are members of churches which are part of the internationalAnglicanCommunion.There are, however, a number of churches outside of the Anglican Communion which alsoconsider themselves to be Anglican, most notably those referred to asContinuing Anglicanchurches.   Anglicanism, in its structures, theology and forms of worship, is commonly understood as a distinctChristian tradition representing a middle ground between what are perceived to be the extremes of theclaims of 16th century Roman Catholicism and theLutheranandReformedvarieties of Protestantismof  that era. As such, it is often referred to as being a via media (or middle way ) between these traditions.The faith of Anglicans is founded in theScripturesand theGospels,the traditions of theApostolic Church, thehistorical episcopate,thefirst seven ecumenical councilsand the earlyChurch Fathers.  Anglicans understand theOldandNew Testamentsas containing all things necessary for salvation and as being the rule and ultimate standard of faith. Anglicans understand theApostles' Creedas the baptismal symbol and theNicene Creedas the sufficientstatement of the Christian faith.  The word refers to the teachings and rites of Christians throughout the world in communion withtheSeeof Canterbury.It has come to be used to refer to the claim of these churches to a unique religious and theological tradition apart from all other Christian churches, be they Orthodox, Roman Catholic or Protestant;and is entirely distinct from the allegiance of some of these churches to theBritish Crown.  2. A History of Anglicanism An Ancient Church The roots of the Church of England go back to the time of the Roman Empire when a Christianchurch came into existence in what was then the Roman province of Britain. The early Christian writersTertullian and Origen mention the existence of a British church in the third century AD and in the fourthcentury British bishops attended a number of the great councils of the Church such as the Council of Arles in 314 and the Council of Rimini in 359. The first member of the British church whom we know
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