Administrative Law -Chapter (1)

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1 Contents DEFINITION, NATURE AND SCOPE OF ADMINISTERATIVE LAW Chapter I 1. Definition of Administrative Law Pages 2 4 8 10 10 11 16 18 21 22 33 34 35 1.2 The Nature and Scope of Administrative Law 1.3 1.4 1.4.1 1.4.2 1.4.3 1.4.4 1.4.5 The Development of Administrative Law Separation of Powers The Functions of Legislature, Executive and Judiciary The Doctrine of Separation of Power Practice in Various Countries Practice in U.S.A Practice in Other Countries 1.5 Separation of Powers in Myanmar
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  1 ContentsDEFINITION, NATURE AND SCOPE OF ADMINISTERATIVE LAW      Chapter I Pages1 . Definition of Administrative Law 21.2 The Nature and Scope of Administrative Law 41.3 The Development of Administrative Law 8 1. 4 Separation of Powers 10   1.4.1   The Functions of Legislature, Executive and Judiciary 101.4.2   The Doctrine of Separation of Power 111.4.3   Practice in Various Countries 161.4.4 Practice in U.S.A 181.4.5 Practice in Other Countries 211.5 Separation of Powers in Myanmar 22Key Terms 33Assignment questions 34Short Questions 35   2 CHAPTER I  ၁ )   DEFINITION, NATURE AND SCOPE OF ADMINISTERATIVE LAW      I. Definition of Administrative Law                                                          ါ။ B  p H .W.      p           ါH                                            ါ      ။  Maitland, in his lectures on the Constitutional History of England deliveredin 1887-88 discussed the definitions of Constitutional Law and Administrative Lawmerely He determined what person or classes of persons bore the sovereign powers,while administrative law determined theends and modesto and in which thesovereign powers exercised.     Maitland   Holland                                                                     The Constitutional History of England           ။   Maitland regarded this definition of Constitutional law as too narrow.Maitland ၏                            ။   He next turned some statement by Holland whose views he summarized by saying Ithink we catch his idea if we say that while constitutional law deals with structure,Administrative law deals with function.  3Holland                     ါ                  ါ       ။   Professor H.W. R Wade said, “the easiest though perhaps the least satisfactory, of the  possible definitions is to be found by appropriating one of the three sectors of the traditionalseparation of powers. If the powers and authorities of the state are classified as legislative,administrative and judicial: then administrative law might said to be the law ႕ whichconcerns administrative authorities as opposed to the others.  ါ  H.W. R Wade            )                                            ါ    ။                                                       ါ။   Sir Ivor Jenning has written; Administrative law is the law relating to theAdministration. It determines the organization powers and duties of administrativeauthorities.This is the most commonly accepted definition in 1960s, but it is not thesatisfactory one, because which in its usual meaning.     Sir Ivor Jenning                                   ။                                                            The Law and the Constitution           ။            ၁)        ။                       ။ S.A de Smith said; we can take it to mean the law relating to public administration. Inother words, it is the law relating to the organization, composition, functions and proceduresof public authorities and special statutory tribunals, their impact on citizens.  4S.A de Smith                                 ။                                                                      ါ ။   The American jurist Frank J Good now in his “Principle of Administrative Law of United States”, observed as” Administrative Law is, therefore, that part of the law which fixes the organization and determines the competence of the authorities which execute the law, and indicates to the individual remedies for the violation of his rights.”      Frank J Good                                                                                               ။   F. Trowbridge in his Federal Administrative Law having considered the various definitions concluded” thus it may be said, at least in a practical sense, that “Administrative Law is a set of legal principles governing the acts of public agents which conflicts withasserted private rights and which are not performed directly by legislative, or judicial bodiesof the government.F. Trowbridge                                                                                                                 ။   However, the most common accepted definition is “Administrative Law is the lawrelating to public administration” .                                       ။   1.2 The Nature and Scope of Administrative Law    
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