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BRussells Tribunal Dossier Big Oil’s occupation of Iraq THE AMERICAN PLANS TO EXHAUST IRAQ AND TO STEAL ITS RESOURCES: FACTS AND FIGURES By MOHAMMED AL-KAYSSI Jul 22, 2005, 00:16 So many are the investigations and debates that came up analyzing the aims of the US administration war-on-Iraq campaign. Although the occupation of Iraq is against the international law and all the Iraqi people ambitions and targets, the US administration is insisting on completing its occupation plans and projects in
   Russell s Tribunal DossierBBig Oil’s occupation of Iraq 1  THE AMERICAN PLANS TO EXHAUST IRAQ AND TOSTEAL ITS RESOURCES: FACTS AND FIGURES  By MOHAMMED AL-KAYSSIJul 22, 2005, 00:16So many are the investigations and debates that came up analyzingthe aims of the US administration war-on-Iraq campaign. Althoughthe occupation of Iraq is against the international law and all theIraqi people ambitions and targets, the US administration isinsisting on completing its occupation plans and projects in Iraq. What ever the justifications the American media or its agents aredeclaring, we, Iraqis, are now very sure that the main motive for this administration’s war is to control theoil, the best global source of power, which will enable America, following long-term plans, to dominate the whole world as the only super power.The following brief research is emphasizing the impact of the USA plans which began since the early eighties and continued up to the current Iraq occupation on the Iraqi economy. 1. Targeting Iraq and the Iraqi economic losses due to the Iraq-Iran war  The after-shah Iranian Islamic revolutionary regime in the world oil richest and vital area posed a bigthreat for the west. The western imperialism opened all the channels to stimulate the tension between thetwo old ages rival countries Iraq an Iran to trigger the war in September, 1980. Fighting against this evil with a deliberate foreign intensification of the warfare, Iraq, with all of its economic and human resources became a victim for the western capitalist countries and their co-operating regimes in the Middle Eastregion.The Iran-contra scandal showed the strong military US-encouraged relations between Iran and Israelthrough which Iran got massive supplies of the American weapons. Donald Rumsfeld, the current USsecretary of defense, and many of the current US administration members, played a big role to cover upthe Iranian usage of chemical weapons in northern Iraq - Halabja as an example - and later on they turnedthe stories 180 degrees back. On the other side and to increase the warfare spending, the US offered a lotof loans and financial support to Iraq to develop its industrial military projects. Many western countrieslike the UK, Germany and France sold Iraq the techniques and the know-how to produce unconventional weapons in very high price and Thatcher, the British prime minister, gave Iraq in that time a loan of 1 billion sterling pounds and different monetary    facilities to serve the same subject.Because of the war long time and the heavy direct and indirect expenses accompanied by the decrease inoil barrel price from 40 to 17 dollars and the decrease in the dollar value itself, all Iraqi ambitiousdeveloping plans came to a halt and spending on the civil sector in Iraq came to the minimum and the wareconomy policy dominated all the life activities in Iraq. The choking Iraqi economic crisis was very clearin the beginning of 1986 at the time parts of the Iraqi territories were already occupied by Iran. By the endof the war in 1988, the Iraq’s total foreign debt used on covering both the military and civil expensestotaled 120 billion dollars. Because oil is the main source of income in Iraq, Iraq found itself forced todevelop and rebuild the oil production and export facilities that mostly have been bombarded anddestroyed by the Iranians during the war. Close to the Iran-Iraq long borders and in the southern Iraq borders were most of the vital industrial facilities and agricultural establishments destroyed. The decreasein oil exports was so huge. The Iraq 3.4 MMBPD production was shut down for several months and lateron little quantities were exported through turkey and Syria and stopped in 1982. The oil exports from thesouthern Iraqi ports stopped in September 1980 till running the pipeline running through KSA in 1985.Because of this war-forced decrease in oil exports, Iraq lost l06 billion dollars while the other oil neighbors  B  Russell s Tribunal DossierBig Oil’s occupation of Iraq 2 Kuwait, KSA and UAE got a so more money as their exports increased by compensating for the Iraqexport OPEC share along the 8 years of the war. After the war all of these neighbors, considered the money they donated to Iraq as a support during the war as loans that should be, consequently, paid back.The Iraqi leadership tried hard to rehabilitate the exhausted Iraq post-war-economy but the results werestrategically minor because of the big obligations at the time of low income and the huge due debts withtheir interests. In 1990 the official Iraqi debts totaled, including the interests, 65 billion of dollars inaddition to 10 and 12 billions for Kuwait and KSA. The major part of the last 22 billions, mostly as servicesnot in cash,were given to Iraq as assistance and support for Iraq against the common Arab’s enemy, Iran, but later on after the war the two countries particularly Kuwait considered all this money as loans with very soon due date.Iraq proved for the UN by thousands of official documents that Iran was the beginner of the war and calledthe UN to investigate all the suspended issues between the two countries and to affirm both sides’responsibilities. The US and its allies in the UN stressed very hard not to solve those minor remainingissues between the two countries toIraq's future. The agony here is that USA and Israel tried hard to embroil Iraq in the war and to lengthenits period with the aid of some Arab countries like Kuwait, KSA and UAE which earned somuch money because of the increase in the oil prices and the suspension and the shut downof Iraq’s oil exports. Turkey built and established so many industries that pumped all of its low quality products in the Iraqi markets. The Jordanian economy that was on the brink of a catastrophe gotresuscitated because of the open activities to the Iraqi economy. Syria supported Iran by missiles andstopped the Iraqi oil export pipeline that passes through Syria. Egypt got rid of all of its Russian weaponsselling them to Iraq in cash to purchase the American weapons after the peace agreement between Egyptand Israel signed by Sadat. The Russian abstained supplying weapons to Iraq at the beginning of the warclaiming to stay neutral but later on after the Iran contra scandal they made up their minds. Iraq was,staying isolated suffering the scourge of war, bleeding and all of its economical and human resources were being destroyed and the dream of building its modern country vanished. 2. The Iraqi economic losses because of the Kuwait oil policy    While Iraq was busy sacrificing souls and blood in the fight against Iran defending all the Arab territoriesincluding Kuwait's. Kuwait took the chance to carry out a scheme of programmed and gradual occupationof the Iraqi territories. Kuwait was building military bases, oil facilities and farms on the Iraqi land. Iraq'sforeign affairs ministry addressed this in an official memo to the Arab League on 15/7/1990 stating thatIraq has a complete documented record for all of these violations committed by the Kuwaiti government. All the documents were presented to the Arab League to solve this problem through the Arab Leaguepractices and the Arab fraternity relations. After the liberation of Al-Faw peninsula and during the Arab summit in 1988, Iraq notified the Kuwaitigovernment about the Iraq intention to solve all of those bilateral problems through the even directdialogues but there was no response from the Kuwaiti side who continued to raise up faked complicationsand to build petroleum military and police installations on the Iraqi territories.The Kuwaiti and UAE governments pursued a satanic procedure to flood up the international oil market by producing more oil then their OPEC predetermined shares with historically unprecedentedrationalizing. The oil market flooding up process led to a horrible decrease in the oil prices. The oil pricesdecreased from 24 dollars / barrel to lower than the minimum OPEC agreed-on price - 18 dollar to 11-13dollar/ barrel. Every 1 dollar reduction in the oil barrel price was causing Iraq lose 1 billion dollars/year.Because of the Kuwait and UAE policy the oil barrel price deteriorated, In 1990, from the common price  B  Russell s Tribunal DossierBig Oil’s occupation of Iraq 3 28$ to 18$ and the total Iraq losses totaled 14 billion dollars per year while Iraq was defending it's and allthe Arab’s territories and security for 8 years.In addition to the aforementioned oil market flooding up policy, Kuwait, since 1980, started foundingpetroleum installations on the southern part of Al-Rumaila oil field and started stealing the oil in theNeutral Zone which is an extension for the southern Al-Rumaila oil field. Kuwait established Alretka 33-oil-well field to bleed up the Iraqi oil reservoir. on the 17th September, 2000 the former Iraqi oil minister Amer Al-Obaidi accused Kuwait of steeling 300,000 barrels /day stating The Iraqi oil steeling is a factthat the Kuwait can not deny and this takes place at the southern Al-Rumaila field .The Kuwaiti oil market flooding up policy which included the stolen Iraqi oil represented doubled actionharm to Iraq by weakening its economy through reducing its export profits, at the time Iraq is in bad needof every cent to restore its demolished capabilities, and by stripping its natural resources.The Iraqi oil stolen by Kuwait between 1980-1990, which is against all the Arab fraternity principles and values, totaled 24 billion dollars. The Iraqi government proved in official documents presented to the ArabLeague all the Kuwaiti violations against Iraq and called for the refund for all the oil stolen of its reservesand territories and appealed Kuwait to be responsible for all the misbehavior and violations against Iraq.Iraq did its best to resolve these suspended issues with Kuwait through the Arab League but Kuwaitcontinued its policy without any response.Iraq concluded that Kuwait’s policy was just a military aggression; Kuwait was continuing extorting theIraqi territories and oil resources, which is considered a military aggression, while Iraq was trying toimpair its economy and was facing big Zionist threats. Iraq was the only Arab power that really confronting Israel. Invading Kuwait was the only way that Iraq could follow after trying all the possiblepeaceful initiatives and solutions.The USA administration concentrated all the international public opinion against Iraq enforcing it to withdraw its troops from Kuwait and to destroy Iraq’s military power, infrastructure and Iraq’s vitalstructural civil and military industries for the benefit of the Zionism whose main goal is to kick Iraq fromthe strategic Arab core location and to disable Iraq’s military effective acting in the region.The disaster on this issue was that many of the Arab countries participated in and incited the others to jointhe operations called The Desert storm to retaliate for old issues with Iraq for the sake of Zionist entity service. 3.The Iraqi losses due to the 1991 American aggression and during the sanctions and blockade years  The whole world got mad against Iraq and its political regime after invading Kuwait as, in this way, Iraqcould get hold of 20% of the world oil reserves.The Gulf war against Iraq was not to defend or liberate Kuwait but to defend the economic and strategicinterests of the international imperialism in the region. The Desert Storm war in 1991 resulted in aterrible devastation in Iraq. Most of the civil facilities were hit, bombarded or destroyed. The damagedcivil facilities and utilities included the main bridges, the transportation junctions, oil refineries, thecommunication centers, schools, institutes, universities, hospitals; potables water plants, irrigation plants,mosques, churches, government buildings, museums, food depots and mills in additions to the humancasualties. According to the Iraqi government estimations, the losses due to this war totaled 230 billiondollars. The Arab Funds Corporation” estimated the resulting losses to be 190 billion dollars.  B  Russell s Tribunal DossierBig Oil’s occupation of Iraq 4 Moreover, The US administrations abused the U.N to execute its oppressive policy against Iraq and issueda resolution to block all the Iraqi deposited funds in all the banking associations around the world. As aresult to this, the Iraqi accounts have been frozen in 56 countries as the following, ã   3 billion dollars in the USA alone managed by the Federal Bank in New York. ã    About 6.1 billion dollars in the UK in addition to 350 billion dollars in Al-Rafidain Bank, London branch. ã   More than 1.0 billion dollars run by the Swiss National Bank. ã   More than 1.5 billion dollars in French banks. ã   700 million dollars in Japanese banks. ã    About 2.5 billion dollars in EU banks supervised by the EU countries central banks. ã   500 million dollars in Jordan under the supervision of the “Iraqi Funds Managing Corporation”that belongs to the Jordanian Central Bank and assigned only for this job. ã   More than 500 million dollars in Lebanese banks. ã   Many other accounts in different European, Asian and African counties. ã    Al-Rafidain branches accounts in Oman, Cairo, Beirut and Bahrain. ã   The Iraqi commercial commissions outside Iraq and the Iraqi airlines. ã   The Iraqi shares in companies with other Arab counties. Very big burdens and obligations have been imposed on Iraq. Iraq was supposed just to fulfill hisobligations without any right for discussions, objections, modifications or even explanations. Thelegitimacy of these obligations and how they are estimated were not determined according to any knownrules or practices. Thus Iraq was forced to pay Kuwait, and some other countries, compensations for theIraqi troops 7 months invasion.Kuwait asked for a compensation of 350 billion dollars. Saudi Arabia asked for 28 billion dollars becauseof the damage the Iraqi forces caused to its environment as result of setting its oil wells in fire during theIraqi army withdrawal and also for the rehabilitation of the coasts, deserts and fisheries. In additionEgypt, Turkey, Iraq, Jordan and Syria have asked also for compensations. The compensations committeethat the UN set after the Gulf war imposed compensations of 48.6 billion dollars of which only 8.4 billiondollars were paid.The assessment of the Kuwait compensations was very exaggerated because, later on after Kuwaitrebuilding and rehabilitating, the Kuwaiti government official ministry of treasury and Kuwait NationalBank reports stated that the total Kuwaiti economy losses due to the invasion and the Desert Storm war were 99 billion dollars of which 30 billion dollars are rebuilding costs, 23 billion dollars are non exportedoil value and the rest was Kuwait’s contribution in financing the desert storm war. It is very clear that theoverestimation of Kuwait compensations and losses by over than 25 billion dollars was just to keep Iraq indebts for many generations. By abusing the international legitimacy, The US administration imposedoppressive and unlawful economical sanctions, embargo and financial blockade against Iraq.The sanctions and the blockade continued for about 13 years and severely affected all the Iraqi people. Dueto this blockade Iraq lost about 150 billion dollars as oil export losses. Iraq could manage itself using all of its strengths and human efforts in a very big mission to restore what the war has damaged. The Iraqicapabilities have generally been weakened and undermined at the time of its so heavy after-war enforcedobligations, imposed by the UN, and the negative financial blockade burdens such as the big budget deficitand the due debts. With the continuation of the oppressive economic sanctions and blockade, Iraq wasexhausted and its people day life economic and social difficulties got highly intensified. All theinfrastructure, the public utilities, health and education foundations collapsed. Iraq could not any moreconceive any plan for development even on the minimum level and life become so miserable leading to theunknown.
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